Noailles, Adrien Maurice, duc de, 1678-1766, marshal of France. He fought in the War of the Spanish Succession and was head of the finance council under the regent Philippe II d'Orléans. He distinguished himself in the War of the Polish Succession and the War of the Austrian Succession and exercised considerable influence on the development of French foreign policy.
Noailles, Anna Élisabeth de Brancovan, comtesse de, 1876-1933, French poet, daughter of a noble Romanian family. She was renowned for the brilliant gatherings at her home. Her turbulent romantic lyrics of love and nature, many of which appeared in the Revue des Deux Mondes, were gathered in Le Cɶur innombrable (1901), L'Ombre des jours (1902), and Poèmes d'enfance (1928). She also wrote short stories, sensuous novels including La Nouvelle Espérance (1903) and Le Visage émerveillé (1904), and an autobiography (1932).
Noailles, Louis Marie Antoine, vicomte de, 1756-1804, French general and statesman. During the American Revolution he fought with the marquis de Lafayette at Yorktown. As a member of the States-General he proposed (Aug. 4, 1789) the abolition of all titles and feudal privileges. When the French Revolution grew more radical, he emigrated to the United States. He later accepted a command under the vicomte de Rochambeau in Santo Domingo and was mortally wounded in battle.