Definitions

Nivelle

Nivelle

Nivelle, Robert Georges, 1856-1924, French general. His services in World War I gained him the post of chief assistant to General Pétain at Verdun, and he was later given the command of the Verdun sector. He succeeded (1916) General Joffre as commander in chief of the French armies, but the signal failure of the 1917 Aisne offensive lost him the post; he was given a command in North Africa.
Saint-Pée-sur-Nivelle (Basque Senpere) is a large village in the traditional Basque province of Labourd, now a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département of southern France. The village is scattered in several neighbourhoods, with a main nucleus located at a crossroads. As its name in French conveys, the village is located on the river Nivelle.

The village is renown for the "Herri Urrats" celebration in support of the Basque-language schools (ikastola) held in May on a yearly basis at the Lake of Senpere since the early 80s. Tens of thousands of people turn out.

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