is an Ortsgemeinde
– a community belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde
– in the Westerwaldkreis
The community lies in the Westerwald
. Nisterau belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Bad Marienberg
, a kind of collective municipality found only in Rhineland-Palatinate. Its seat is in the like-named town
are Büdingen and Erbach.
In 1274, Büdingen had its first documentary mention. Erbach’s first documentary mention followed in 1353.
The community of Nistertal came into being in 1969 in the course of administrative reform through the merger of the communities of Büdingen and Erbach. For centuries before this, the Große Nister, flowing between the two places, marked not only a political boundary, but a dialectal
and religious one, too.
The council is made up of 16 council members drawn from two voting communities (Wählergemeinschaften
) who were elected in a majority vote
in a municipal election on 13 June 2004.
Coat of arms
The two uppermost charges
in the community’s arms
stand for the two constituent communities of Büdingen and Erbach. The hexagon
and the miner’s hammers
symbolize the rich basalt
deposits and their exploitation as the community’s characteristic industry and livelihood. The alder
twig refers to the Ortsteil
name Erbach (from Erlenbach
for “alder”). The wavy parting per pale represents the community’s location on the Nister, with Büdingen on the left and Erbach on the right. The bridge that fills out the shield’s lower portion is a symbol of the Erbach Bridge as well as the roadbridge between the two constituent communities. The tinctures
gold and blue were those borne by the Duchy of Nassau
. They refer to the community’s centuries-long territorial allegiance to that state.
Culture and sightseeing
The railway bridge
near Erbach across the river Nister was at the time of its completion in 1911 Germany’s biggest concrete
bridge. With a length of some 300 m and a height of almost 40 m, at the time still without steel
armouring, it was held to be a technological wonder. After the Erbach-Bad Marienberg (Westerwald)
line was shut down in 1971, the bridge was preserved as a technological building monument.
Also worthy of mention is the Wasserbrücke (“Waterbridge”). At this bridge, water is borne across the tracks of the Nistertal-Bad Marienberg railway line.
Economy and infrastructure
North of the community runs Bundesstraße
414, leading from Driedorf
-Hohenroth to Hachenburg
. The nearest Autobahn interchanges
on the A 3
), some 25 km away, and Haiger/Burbach
on the A 45
), some 27 km away. Nistertal lies on the Oberwesterwaldbahn
) to Limburg and Au (Sieg). From there, the cities of Cologne
, Frankfurt am Main
may be reached directly. The nearest InterCityExpress
stop is the railway station
at Montabaur on the Cologne-Frankfurt high-speed rail line