Definitions

Nisga'a Agreement

Nisga'a

The Nisga'a (nisqaʔa), often formerly spelled Nishga and spelled in the Nisga'a language as Nisg̱a'a, are an Indigenous nation or First Nation in Canada. They live in the Nass River valley of northwestern British Columbia. Their name comes from a combination of two Nisga’a words: N̓isḵ’-top lip & Tl’aḵ’-bottom lip. This term was used because Ḵ’alii-aksim Lisims (Nass River Valley) is so bountiful that many living creatures come to it to feed. The Nisg̱a’a saw that every living creature used it’s N̓isḵ’ & Tl’aḵ’ to eat, therefore... Nisg̱a’a!

Nisg̱a'a society is organized into four clans: G̱anada (Raven), Gisḵ’aast (Killer Whale), Lax̱gibuu (Wolf), and Lax̱sgiik (Eagle).

The Nisg̱a'a people number about 6,000. In British Columbia the Nisg̱a'a Nation is represented by four Villages and 3 urban societies. These are:

Approximately 2,500 live in the Nass Valley (within the 4 villages) and another 3,500 Nisg̱a'a live elsewhere in Canada, and around the world (predominantly within the 3 urban societies).

Treaty

On May 11, 2000, a land-claim was settled between the Nisg̱a'a, the government of British Columbia, and the Government of Canada. As part of the settlement in the Nass River valley nearly 2,000 square kilometres of land was officially recognized as Nisg̱a'a, and a 300,000 cubic decameter water reservation was also created. The Bear Glacier Provincial Park was also created as a result of this agreement. The land-claim's settlement was the first formal treaty signed by a First Nation in British Columbia since the Douglas Treaties in 1854.

History

The Tseax Cone situated in a valley above and east of the Tseax River was the source for an eruption during the 18th century that killed approximately 2,000 Nisga'a people from poisonous volcanic gases.

See also

Prominent Nisga'as

Bibliography

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