Andrei Yurievich Sokolov (Андрей Юрьевич Соколов; born March 20, 1963 in Vorkuta) is a French chess Grandmaster of Russian origin, now living in France. He is not to be confused with the Latvian International Master of the same name and other, similar named players registered with FIDE.
He learnt the game from his father Yuri, a Soviet Army officer and Candidate Master. At just 6 years of age, inspiration arrived in the form of a book of Alekhine's games. At age 12, he attended one of the many chess schools that existed in and around Moscow and he occasionally frequented the legendary Pioneer Palace. Some major preparation followed in the years 1975-1982, mainly under the tutelage of renowned coach, Vladimir Yurkov.
Alexei Suetin attended the same sports club (Trud) and as senior Moscow coach, observed the youngster's progress closely. Sokolov won the minor championship of Moscow in 1981, but fared less well in the major Open Championship a short while later. He had yet to learn the subtleties of positional play, but already there was much to admire. Suetin described him as "a practical-minded chess player ... most concentrated, deprived of any impulsiveness and very persistent in attaining his aims."
By 1982, the groundwork was really paying off as he went on to win the Junior World Chess Championship, held in Copenhagen. A strong entry had included Joel Benjamin, Ivan Morovic, Nigel Short and Niaz Murshed. At this time Sokolov was an International Master with an Elo rating of 2450. At that time FIDE automatically awarded the International Master title to the winner of the Junior Championship. (Later the rule would be changed to make the Junior Champion a grandmaster.) His Grandmaster status was achieved in 1984, a year of outstanding achievement for the 21-year-old as he rocked the chess world by winning the Championship of the Soviet Union at his first attempt. Impressive was his penultimate round effort against ex-champion Beliavsky who, playing white, quickly mounted a ferocious attack against Black's king position. It was however already a quality of Sokolov that he remain ice-cool under pressure. He not only repelled the attack, but launched a counter-offensive of his own and won a crucial game. It was also a year that saw him finish a creditable second at the strong Novi Sad tournament and advance his Elo rating up to 2550.
Sokolov qualified through the Biel Interzonal for the final stages of the World Championship cycle in 1985, playing his Candidates Tournament quarter-final against Rafael Vaganian in Minsk in 1986 and winning it by a comfortable score of 6-2. Next was the semi-final in Riga in 1987, where he defeated Artur Yusupov 7½-6½. In the final however, he was heavily outgunned by an in-form Anatoly Karpov, losing out 3½-7½. Having beaten Karpov at Bugojno 1986, he felt his pre-match mood had been overly optimistic and described his defeat as "very severe". Nevertheless, in 1987/88 his rating peaked at 2645 and he was listed as the third strongest player in the world behind Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov. He even went on to defeat Karpov again at Belfort 1988, a World Cup event.
Such elevated standing was shortlived however. He suffered a major setback with an unexpected loss to the Canadian grandmaster Kevin Spraggett in their Candidates' first-round match at Saint John, 1988. Already, he was finding it difficult to repeat his form and successes of a few years earlier. Exceptionally, in 1990, he scored a resurgent win at the Moscow Open (finishing ahead of Mikhail Tal, Rafael Vaganian, Alexey Vyzmanavin and Mikhail Krasenkov, among others). This preceded a period of lesser chess activity.
He moved to France and acquired French nationality in 2000. While he has not yet managed to win the French Championship, he came close in 2003 when he tied first with Joel Lautier and Etienne Bacrot, losing out to Bacrot in a play-off. In 2005, he finished equal second with 14-year-old Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, behind Lautier.
As a participant of the 1988-89 World Cup series, he competed at Brussels, Belfort, Reykjavík and Rotterdam, finishing an overall 11th from a field of 25 and winning a combined prize fund of $36,584. In the following game, played during the Brussels leg in 1989, Sokolov sacrifices a piece and then the exchange in order to create a powerful double threat of two passed pawns on one wing and a kingside attack on the other.
Andrei Sokolov Lajos Portisch 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3 O-O 9. h3 Bb7 10. d4 Re8 11. Ng5 Rf8 12. Nf3 Re8 13. Nbd2 Bf8 14. a4 h6 15. Bc2 exd4 16. cxd4 Nb4 17. Bb1 c5 18. d5 Nd7 19. Ra3 c4 20. Nd4 Ne5 21. axb5 Qb6 22. Nxc4 Nxc4 23. Rg3 Bc8 24. b3 Ne5 25. Be3 Ng6 26. f4 Qd8 27. f5 Ne5 28. Qd2 a5 29. Bxh6 Qh4 30. Kh2 Bd7 31. Bg5 Qh5 32. Rf1 g6 33. Nc6 Bxc6 34. dxc6 Rab8 35. fxg6 fxg6 36. c7 Rbc8 37. b6 Qh7 38. Rxf8+ Rxf8 39. Qxd6 Nbc6 40. Bf6 Rxf6 41. Qxf6 Qd7 42. b7 1-0