Newman, Barnett

Newman, Barnett

Newman, Barnett, 1905-70, American artist, b. New York City. A member of the New York school, Newman was one of the first to reject conventional notions of spatial composition in art. Often using monumental scale, he took abstraction to its farther reaches. In his severe Stations of the Cross series (1958-66), he divided raw canvas vertically at intervals by black or white bands of various widths. In other paintings (e.g., Who's Afraid of Red, Yellow, and Blue IV?, 1969-70) Newman used large areas of saturated, sometimes primary color punctuated by narrow vertical bands of other colors that he called "zips" as the source of visual and emotional impact. Newman became known as a major painter in the last decade of his life, and his work was an important influence on the practitioners of color-field painting. He also created a number of monumental abstract sculptures.

See study by T. B. Hess (1971).

orig. Baruch Newman

(born Jan. 29, 1905, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died July 3, 1970, New York City) U.S. painter. Born to Polish immigrant parents, he studied at the Art Students League and City College. With Robert Motherwell and Mark Rothko, he cofounded the school called “Subject of the Artist” (1948), which held open sessions and lectures for other artists. He developed a style of mystical abstraction and achieved his breakthrough with Onement I (1948), in which a single stripe (or “zip”) of orange vertically bisects a field of dark red. This austerely geometric style became his trademark and had a great influence on artists such as Ad Reinhardt and Frank Stella.

Learn more about Newman, Barnett with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Newman is a surname, and may refer to many people:

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

R

S

T

V

W

Z

Fictional Newmans

Places

United States:

Other uses

Search another word or see Newman, Barnetton Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature