Newburgh

Newburgh

[noo-burg, nyoo-]
Newburgh, city (1990 pop. 26,454), Orange co., SE N.Y., on the west bank of the Hudson River, opposite Beacon; settled 1709 by Palatine Germans, inc. 1800. The city has become an area wholesale and trucking center that ships fruit and dairy products. Manufactures include transportation equipment, machinery, scientific instruments, apparel, and plastic and metal products. Newburgh has many historic structures, and serious preservation efforts began in the 1990s. Hasbrouck House (1750; now a museum) was Washington's headquarters from Apr., 1782, to Aug., 1783. It was in Newburgh that the Continental Army was disbanded. Mt. St. Mary College is in the city. West Point is located a few miles to the south.
Newburgh is a town along the Ohio River in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 3,088 and the metropolitan population was 342,815. It has grown into a large suburb of Evansville, Indiana and has many unincorporated subdivisions. However, Newburgh's current annexation plan will incorporate many of these developments in an effort to better control future land use and development and ultimately triple the population. It is in Ohio Township, Warrick County. Ohio Townhip's 2000 census population was 31,002 but that also includes nearby Chandler, which also has over 3,000 people.

Geography

Newburgh is located at (37.946579, -87.403735).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.5 but when converged with Ohio Township it will have 10.8 sq. miles of land km² (1.4 sq mi), all land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,088 people, 1,369 households, and 889 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,274.6 people per square mile (876.7/km²). There were 1,478 housing units at an average density of 1,088.7/sq mi (419.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.38% White, 1.17% African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.32% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.58% of the population.

There were 1,369 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,581, and the median income for a family was $53,854. Males had a median income of $41,538 versus $24,662 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,537. None of the families and 2.5% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 5.1% of those over 64.

History

From 1100 to 1450 AD, a community of several thousand mound-building Mississippian Indians lived in the Newburgh area. No one knows why they left. John Sprinkle, a businessman of English descent, landed here in the spring of 1803, thirteen years before Indiana entered the Union as the 19th state. The community he founded became known as Sprinklesburg, and it was the first town in Warrick County. In 1837, the name of the town was changed to Newburgh. By 1850, Newburgh had grown to be one of the largest riverports on the Ohio-Mississippi River between Cincinnati and New Orleans.

On July 18, 1862, Newburgh was the first town north of the Mason-Dixon line to be captured by the Confederate forces during the American Civil War. Colonel Adam R. Johnson, with a partisan band, crossed the Ohio River and confiscated supplies and ammunition without a shot being fired. The Confederates would have been unable to shell the city (as promised) had Newburgh put up a fight. The Confederates' 'cannons' were an assemblage of stove pipe, a charred log, and wagon wheels.

Newburgh grew steadily during the second half of the 20th Century with the increase of industry in the Evansville Metropolitan Area. Major area employers include Alcoa, Toyota Motors, Mead Johnson Pharmaceuticals, Atlas Van Lines, the University of Evansville, and the University of Southern Indiana. Today, Newburgh boasts a lively historic district, a high school (Castle) that competes in statewide competitions in both athletics and academics.

On November 6, 2005, the Evansville Tornado of November 2005 caused 25 deaths in nearby Evansville. Newburgh suffered extensive property damage and some injuries, but fortunately suffered no fatalities during the 2:06 AM tornado strike.

Each summer, Newburgh also hosts a number of festivals including the Fiddler Fest and the Strawberry Festival. Most are held on the shore of the river near to the town's lock and dam in the "antique" section of Newburgh.

In 2006, the United States Senior Men's Amateur Golf Championship was hosted in Newburgh at the Victoria National Golf Course.

Famous People

Sister Cities

Newburgh has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI):

Newburgh, Lancashire, United Kingdom

References

See also

External links

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