New South Wales

New South Wales

New South Wales, state (1991 pop. 5,164,549), 309,443 sq mi (801,457 sq km), SE Australia. It is bounded on the E by the Pacific Ocean. Sydney is the capital. The other principal urban centers are Newcastle, Wagga Wagga, Lismore, Wollongong, and Broken Hill. More than half the population live in the Sydney metropolitan area. Located in the temperate zone, the state has a generally favorable climate. There are four main geographic regions: the coastal lowlands; the eastern highlands, culminating in Mt. Kosciusko (7,316 ft/2,230 m), the highest peak of the Australian Alps and of Australia; the western slopes; and the western plains, which cover about two thirds of the state. The Murray River, which forms the greater part of the southern border, and its principal tributaries are important for the state's extensive irrigation systems. New South Wales is economically the most important state in Australia. The Sydney-Newcastle-Wollongong area is Australia's greatest industrial region, with steel the principal product. Financial services and tourism are important, as is agriculture: wheat, wool, and meat are produced, and there is considerable dairy farming. Tropical fruits and sugarcane are grown in the northeast. The state's rich mineral resources include coal, gold, iron, copper, silver, lead, and zinc. New South Wales has a large aboriginal population; over 50% of the Australian aborigines live in New South Wales and Queensland. The coast of Queensland was explored in 1770 by Capt. James Cook, who proclaimed British sovereignty over the east coast of Australia. Sydney, the first Australian settlement, was founded in 1788 as a prison farm. During the 1820s and 30s the character of New South Wales changed as the wool industry grew and the importation of convicts ceased. In the early 19th cent. the colony included Tasmania, South Australia, Victoria, Queensland, the Northern Territory, and New Zealand. These territories were separated and made colonies in their own right between 1825 and 1863. In 1901, New South Wales was federated as a state of the Commonwealth of Australia. The Australian Capital Territory (site of Canberra, the federal capital), an enclave in New South Wales, was ceded to the commonwealth in 1911. Jervis Bay, S of Sydney, became commonwealth territory in 1915 as a potential port for Canberra; it is no longer part of the capital territory. The nominal head of the state government is the governor; however, actual executive functions are exercised by the premier and cabinet, who are responsible to a bicameral state parliament.
Ebor is a village on the Northern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia. It is situated about 88km (55 miles) east of Armidale and about one third of the way between Armidale and the New South Wales coast. At the 2006 census, Ebor and the surrounding area had a population of 160. There is a post office and general store, a hotel/motel and a primary school.

Ebor is at fairly high altitude, about 1,350 metres and, by Australian standards, has cold winters with overnight frost and occasional light snow falls. The average rain fall is 950 mm.

The surrounding district has sheep and cattle grazing plus some tourism. The main tourist attractions are Ebor Falls, Wollomombi Falls, the cool temperate rain-forest walks in New England National Park and recreational trout fishing.

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