Fort Severn First Nation
- For other uses of the names "Severn" and "Fort Severn", see Severn (disambiguation).
is located on Hudson Bay
and is the most northern community
As of 2001
, the population was 401, consisting of 90 families in an area of 40 square kilometres
. The legal name of the reserve is Fort Severn 89
as most Indian reserves
in Canada have a number after the name.
The town is linked by winter road/ice roads in the winter to Peawanuck, Ontario in the east, and Shamattawa, Manitoba and Gillam, Manitoba.
Fort Severn is policed by the Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service, an Aboriginal based service.
Fort Severn served as one of the earliest trading posts in the new world
. It was established by the Hudson's Bay Company
. When the treaty was signed, the federal government, with the consent of the leaders at the time, set aside land for a native reserve in the Rocksand
area at the junction of the Severn
Rivers. In 1973
, the reserve was relocated to the opening of the Severn River. The reserve achieved full status on January 11, 1980