The terms Neogene System (formal) and upper Tertiary System (informal) describe the rocks deposited during the Neogene Period.
The Neogene covers roughly 23 million years. During the Neogene mammals and birds evolved considerably. Most other forms were relatively unchanged. Some continental motion took place, the most significant event being the connection of North and South America in the late Pliocene. Climates cooled somewhat over the duration of the Neogene culminating in continental glaciations in the Quaternary period that follows, and that saw the dawn of the genus Homo.
The ICS once proposed that the Quaternary be considered a sub-era (sub-erathem) of the Neogene, with a beginning date of 2.588 Ma., namely the start of the Gelasian Stage. The International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) counterproposed that the Neogene and the Pliocene end at 2.588 Ma., that the Gelasian be transferred to the Pleistocene, and the Quaternary be recognized as the third period in the Cenozoic, citing the key changes in Earth's climate, oceans, and biota that occurred 2.588 Ma. and its correspondence to the Gauss-Matuyama magnetostratigraphic boundary. 2006 ICS and INQUA reached a compromise that made Quaternary a subera, subdividing Cenozoic into the old classical Tertiary and Quaternary, a compromise that was rejected by International Union of Geological Sciences because it split both Neogene and Pliocene in two.
THE FAMILY CANCELLARIIDAE (MOLLUSCA: GASTROPODA) IN THE NEOGENE OF THE BOCAS DEL TORO REGION, PANAMA, WITH THE DESCRIPTION OF SEVEN NEW SPECIES
Mar 01, 2012; ABSTRACT- Twenty four species of Cancellariidae belonging to eleven genera occurring in the Neogene Bocas del Toro...