was a rank or dignity granted by the Roman Senate
under the Roman Empire
to certain cities of Asia, which had built temples for the worship of the emperors or had established cults of members of the imperial family.
The Greek word νεωκορειν meant literally a temple-sweeper (νεως, temple, κορειν, to sweep), and was thence used both of a temple attendant and of a priestly holder of high rank who was in charge of a temple.
- "Neocorate", Coins celebrating the Neocorate, Coinarchives.com