Neocallitropsis pancheri is a plant species of the family Cupressaceae and the sole species of the genus Neocallitropsis. It is endemic to New Caledonia, where it occurs in small, scattered population along rivers.
It is an evergreen coniferous tree growing to 2-10 m tall. The leaves are awl-shaped, 1 cm long, arranged in eight rows in alternating whorls of four; in overall appearance, the foliage is superficially similar to some species of Araucaria, though they are only very distantly related. Neocallitropsis is dioecious, with separate male and female trees; the seed cones are 1.5-2 cm long, with eight woody scales arranged in two whorls of four.