Nel Tarleton (born January 14, 1906 – died January 12, 1956) was an English featherweight boxer from Liverpool, England. He was British featherweight champion on three separate occasions and, despite only having one lung, continued fighting until he was 42. He was one of only seven fighters to win two or more Lonsdale Belts outright.
He built up an impressive domestic record, with only the occasional defeat, fighting most of his bouts in his hometown of Liverpool. Then, in October 1929, he went to the United States and had a number of fights in various venues in New York, scoring five wins two defeats and one draw.
In November 1932, he defended his British title against Seaman Tommy Watson, in Liverpool Stadium, and lost on points.
In September 1934, Tarleton fought for the world featherweight title against American fighter, Freddie Miller. The fight was held in Liverpool, and Miller won on points to retain his title.
In June 1935, Tarleton fought Freddie Miller again for his world featherweight title. The fight, as before, was held in Liverpool, and Miller won on points again, to retain his title.
In May 1936, he defended his British title against Johnny King of Manchester, defeating him on points.
In September 1936, he defended his title again, against Johnny McGrory. The fight was held at Anfield, and Mcgrory won on points to take Tarleton’s title.
In Novemebr 1940, he defended his British and Commonwealth titles at Liverpool Stadium, against Tom Smith of Sunderland, winning on points.
Tarleton continued fighting, until February 1945, when he defended his British and Commonwealth featherweight titles against Al Phillips, at Belle Vue, Manchester. At the age of 39, he won on points against his 25-year-old opponent, and retained his titles.
Tarleton did not defend his titles again but relinquished them in February 1947, at the age of 41.
After retiring, Tarleton struggled with ill health an died at the age of 49.