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Navratilova, Martina

Navratilova, Martina

Navratilova, Martina, 1956-, Czech-American tennis player, b. Prague. After holding the Czech singles title (1972-74), she defected (1975) to the United States. Known for her aggressive serve-and-volley style, she won the women's singles at Wimbledon a record nine times (1978-79, 1982-87, 1990) and also won a record 20 titles there overall. She holds four U.S. Open titles (1983, 1984, 1986-87), three Australian Open titles (1981, 1983, 1985), and two French Open titles (1982, 1984). With her partner Pam Shriver, she also dominated women's doubles competitions, winning 110 consecutive matches from 1983 to 1985. In a career spanning more than three decades, Navratilova became the all-time leader, male or female, in singles titles (168); she also holds 178 doubles titles.

See her autobiography, written with G. Vecsey (1985).

(born Oct. 18, 1956, Prague, Czech.) Czech-born U.S. tennis player. She became the undisputed top-seeded player in the world in 1979 after winning the Wimbledon women's singles and doubles. In 1982 she won 90 of 93 matches, and in 1983 she won 86 of 87 matches. By 1992 she had accumulated more championships (158) than any other player, male or female, in tennis history, and she retired from singles play in 1994 with 167 h1s. Over the next two years Navratilova appeared in only a handful of doubles events, and from 1997 to 1999 she did not play. In 2000 she returned to professional play, competing in several doubles events. In 2003 she won the mixed doubles at Wimbledon, tying Billie Jean King for most Wimbledon h1s (20). With the victory, Navratilova, age 46, became the oldest player to win at Wimbledon. After winning the mixed doubles at the U.S. Open in 2006, she retired from competitive play. Her career totals include 59 grand slam h1s: 18 singles, 31 doubles, and 10 mixed doubles.

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