The National Youth Administration
(NYA) was a New Deal
agency in the United States
. It operated from 1935 to 1943 as part of the Works Progress Administration
. The NYA was headed by Aubrey Williams
, a prominent liberal from Alabama who was close to Harry Hopkins
and Eleanor Roosevelt
. The head of the Texas division at one point was Lyndon B. Johnson
By 1938, it served 327,000 high school and college youth, who were paid from $6 to $40 a month for "work study" projects at their schools. Another 155,000 boys and girls from relief families were paid $10 to $25 a month for part-time work that included job training. Unlike the CCC, it included young women. The youth normally lived at home, and worked on construction or repair projects. Its annual budget was approximately $58,000,000.
The NYA operated numerous programs for out-of-school youth.
- Lindley, Betty Grimes and Ernest K. Lindley. A New Deal for Youth: The Story of the National Youth Administration (1938)
- Halstead, Gordon (Project Director NYA Resident Work Center, Lima, NY), Work—Study—Live: The Resident Youth Centers of the NYA, The New Deal Network website (accessed June 25, 2007)
- Meriam; Lewis. Relief and Social Security The Brookings Institution. 1946. Highly detailed analysis and statistical summary of all New Deal relief programs; 900 pages
- Reiman, Richard. The New Deal and American Youth (1980)
- Tyack, David et al. Public Schools in Hard Times (1970)
- Weisenberger, Carol A. Dollars and Dreams: The National Youth Administration in Texas