(North Korean official spelling: Nampho
) is a city and seaport in South P'yŏngan
Province, North Korea
. It was a provincial-level Directly Governed City
) from 1980
, when it was designated a "Special City" (T'ŭkgŭpsi
) and made a part of South P'yŏngan.
Namp'o is situated some 50 kilometres south west of P'yŏngyang, at the mouth of the Taedong River. It was originally a small fishing village, but opened as a port of foreign trade in 1897, and began to develop into a modern port after liberation in 1945. With the rapid increase in state investment, the city's industries grew and it now has powerful heavy industries and modern light industries. They include the Namp'o Smelter Complex, the Namp'o Glass Corporation, the Namp'o Shipbuilding Complex, the Namp'o Fishery Complex and other central and local factories. Namp'o is a center for the DPRK shipbuilding industry. North of the city are facilities for freight transportation, aquatic products, and fishery, and a sea salt factory. The apples grown in Namp'o's Ryonggang district (룡강군) are a famous local product.
Namp'o lies on the northern shore of the Taedong River
, 15 km east of the river's mouth. Although it has a continental climate and abundant flat land, agriculture in the area of Namp'o has been limited by low rainfall and a lack of fresh water.
A railway and a large freeway connect Namp'o to Pyongyang
and other locations. The West Sea Barrage
of the Namp'o port, built by erecting an 8-km long sea wall, has three lock chambers which allow the passage of ships up to 50,000 tons and 36 sluices. The port of Namp'o has modern harbour facilities that can accommodate ships of 20,000 tons but is frozen during the winter. Namp'o serves as Pyongyang's port on the Yellow Sea.
Institutes of higher learning in Namp'o include Nampho University, Sohae University, Samgwang College and Sunhwa College.
Tourist attractions include Waudo Pleasure Ground, with a sea bathing beach, a convalescent hospital and recreation facilities. Nearby scenic spots include the West Sea Barrage, three tombs in Kangso, the tomb in Tokhung-dong, Susan Spa, Chongsan Spa, Kangso Mineral Springs and Lake Thaesang.
The U.S. technical research vessel USS Pueblo, that was captured by North Korea during the Korean war, is moored at the seaport. The vessel was moved here in 1999 from the east coast. The USS Pueblo is still listed as active on the US naval register, and will continue to be until it is returned. It is one of only two US naval vessels to be captured since the wars with Tripoli (the other vessel being River-Gunboat USS Wake PR-3 in WWII).
- Korea Tourist Map (English, Korean, Japanese, Chinese)
- North Korea Uncovered, (North Korea Google Earth) This map labels most of Nampo's infrastructure locations including hotels, nearby UNESCO sites, railroads, West Sea Barge, electricity grid, and shipping facilities.