(Nathaniel) Charles Rothschild
– October 12
) was an English banker
and a member of the Rothschild banking family of England
He was the son of Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild
and Emma Rothschild (née von Rothschild).
Charles predeceased his older brother Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild
(1868-1937) who died without issue (that is to say, without children). The peerage therefore passed to Charles's son Nathaniel Mayer Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild
Charles Rothschild worked as a partner in the family bank NM Rothschild and Sons in London. However, like his zoologist brother, he devoted much of his energies to entomology and natural history collecting. His collection of fleas is now in the Rothschild Collection at the British Museum. He also discovered and named the plague vector flea, Xenopsylla cheopis (Rothschild), also known as the oriental rat flea, at Shendi, Sudan, on an expedition in 1901, publishing his finding in 1903.
Today Charles Rothschild is regarded as a pioneer of nature conservation in Britain. During his lifetime he managed his estate at Ashton Wold
to maximise its suitability for wildlife, especially butterflies. He was concerned about the loss of widlife habitats, and in 1912 set up the Society for the Promotion of Nature Reserves, the forerunner of The Wildlife Trusts partnership
. In 1915 the Society produced a schedule of the best wildlife sites in the country, some of which were purchased as nature reserves
In 1907 Charles Rothschild married Rozsika Edle von Wertheimstein
(1870–1940). They had four children:
Suffering from encephalitis, in 1923 Charles Rothschild committed suicide.
- Miriam Rothschild - Dear Lord Rothschild (1983) ISBN 0-09-153740-1