National Institute of Technology Calicut (Hindi:राष्ट्रीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान कालिकट) or NITC in the city of Kozhikode (Calicut) in Kerala, India is a federally funded technical university established by an act of the Indian Parliament. It was formerly known as Calicut Regional Engineering College (CREC).
It is one of the twenty National Institutes of Technology - one in each major state of India - established by the Government of India for fostering national integration by imparting technical education to students from all over the country. Set in a picturesque landscape overlooking the foothills of the Western Ghats, NITC is situated about 22 km north-east of Calicut city.
NITC was set up in 1961 as Regional Engineering College, Calicut (CREC) as the ninth of its kind and the first one to be established during the Third Five Year Plan period. Till the formation of the Calicut University in 1963 the institute was affiliated with the Kerala University. It was largely due to the efforts of Pattom Thanu Pillai, the Chief Minister of Kerala that the institute came into being. Prof.S.Rajaraman was appointed the special officer in 1961 to organise the activities of the college till Dr. M. V. Keasva Rao took charge as the first principal of the college. The classes were first held at the Government Polytechnic at West Hill, Calicut before it moved to its present campus in 1963. The college started with an annual intake of 125 students for the under-graduate courses, in a campus of 120 acres.
The intake for the undergraduate courses was increased to 250 in 1966, 150 for the first year and 100 for the preparatory course. The annual intake was reduced from 250 to 200 from the year 1968-69 on account of industrial recession.
In 1976 NIT Calicut was the setting of the "Rajan case", where one of its students, P. Rajan died after being held (ostensibly for being a Naxalite) in police custody. NITC's cultural fest Ragam is held in the memory of Rajan. The Malayalam movie Piravi which won the Caméra d'Or at the 1989 Cannes Film Festival, was based on the life of Rajan and his father T.V. Eachara Warrier.
After Prof S. Unnikrishnan Pillai took charge as Principal in 1983, the Training and Placement Department was started with a view to organise campus recruitments for students. The college moved into the area of Information Technology as early as 1984 with the commissioning of multi user PSI Omni system and HCL workhorse PCs. In 1987 the college celebrated 25 years of its existence and new postgraduate were started and the CEDTI was established in the campus the following year. In 1990 Shankar Dayal Sharma inaugurated the Architecture Department Block and construction of a computer centre was completed. In 1996, the institute website (the first in Kerala) was inaugurated. The Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode functioned from the NIT Calicut campus in its first few years of existence before moving to its new campus in Kunnamangalam in 2003.
The Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, accorded NIT status to REC Calicut in June 2002 granting it academic and administrative autonomy. It was a lead institute under the World Bank funded Technical Education Quality Improvement Program (TEQIP) which began in 2002. In 2003, students were first admitted to the flagship undergraduate B.Tech through the All India Engineering Entrance Exam. With the passing of the National Institutes of Technology Act in May 2007, NIT Calicut has been declared an Institute of National Importance. The National Institutes of Technology Act is the second legislation for technical education institutions after the Indian Institutes of Technology Act of 1961. In 2007 NIT Calicut raised its annual intake for its undergraduate program to 570.
|Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.)||Chemical Engineering, Computer Science Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Production and Management Engineering, and Bio-Technology.|
|Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.)||Undergraduate Programme in Architecture.|
|Master of Technology (M.Tech.)||Structural Engineering, Traffic and Transportation Planning, Offshore Structures, Environmental Geotechnology, Computer Science and Engineering, Information Security, Digital Systems and Communication Engineering, Electronics Design and Technology, Microelectronics and VLSI Design, Instrumentation and Control Systems, Computer Controlled Industrial Power, Energetics, Power Electronics, Industrial Engineering and Management, Thermal Sciences, Manufacturing Technology, Energy Management, and Materials Science and Technology.|
|Master of Computer Application (M.C.A.)||Graduate Programme in Applied Computer Science.|
|Master of Architecture (M.Arch.)||Graduate Programme in Architecture.|
|Master of Science (M.Sc.)||Mathematics and Scientific Computing.|
|Ph.D.||All Engineering and Science disciplines.|
The Union Ministry of Human Resource Development, has started IT finishing schools at NIT Calicut and seven other national institutions: the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee, and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs) at Durgapur, Kurushetra, Jaipur, Surathkal, Trichy and Warangal. This school is supportd by NASSCOM and some of the major IT companies in India.
NITC is a fully residential institution and it has 12 hostels on the campus to accommodate students. The boys hostels are named by letters A, B, C, D, E, F, G, PG I, PG II and 3 Ladies Hostels (LH). A, B and C Hostels are three-seated but currently accommodate four students per room due to increase in intake of students. D, E, F, G, PG I and PG II are single seated.
A-Hostel exclusively accommodates I Year B.Tech students. II Year B.Tech students are accommodated in the old blocks of B and C Hostels. III Year B.Tech students can opt to go to E Hostel (single rooms) or stay in C-Hostel (new block). Final year B.Tech students are accommodated in D and F hostels. M. Tech. and MCA students reside in G-Hostel. Post graduate students and Research Scholars reside in PG I and PG II hostels.
The boys' hostels are situated close to the academic area, while ladies' hostels are within the residential campus. Total number of inmates of NITC Hostels is nearly 2245. A mini canteen is also available in the hostel premises. STD/ISD facilities are available in almost all hostels.
Each hostel contains its own mess and students are allowed to join the mess of any hostel. The type of food served in the Hostel Messes are as follows: A-Hostel - cosmopolitan, B-Hostel - non-vegetarian, C-Hostel - vegetarian, D-Hostel - non-vegetarian (Kerala), E-Hostel - vegetarian (North Indian), F-Hostel - cosmopolitan, G-Hostel - cosmopolitan, PG I - cosmopolitan (Andhra), PG II - cosmopolitan (Kerala).
An extension counter for NITC Multipurpose Co-operative Society is functioning in A and D hostels. Students are permitted to use their own computers in their rooms. All Hostels except for the A-Hostel are connected by LAN. A round-the-clock Computer Centre is operational in the campus. Each hostel also contains a common room where students can watch cable TV.
There are three hostels in NIT Calicut to accommodate lady students of Undergratuate, Post Graduate and Ph. D. Programmes. These hostels are located within the residential area of the campus. Two cosmopolitan messes are available within the ladies' hostel premises. Other facilities like Mini Canteen, Indoor Shuttle Court, Gymnasium, Cooperative Store Extension Counter, STD/ISD connection etc. are also available in the Ladies' Hostel.
NITC's Central Library, with more than 100,000 books is one of the largest technical libraries in India. It also subscribes to more than 200 print journals.The institute has a digital library, NALANDA (Network of Automated Library and Archives), which houses a good collection of online resources. Users from NITC and networked institutions can access around 17,000 journals, proceedings, databases, electronic theses, dissertations and online courses at NALANDA. It is also part of the INDEST consortium, which aims at networking the libraries at the important technical institutions in India.
NIT Calicut holds two major annual events, the techno-management festival Tathva, held in the monsoon semester and the cultural festival RAGAM, which is held in the winter semester.
Tathva is the annual techno-management fest organized by NITC. It is usually held during the month of September and lasts for four days after which the normal academic session resumes.Tathva over the years has come to be regarded as one among the biggest technical festivals of South India.It has been held seven times since its inception in 2001. Aimed at inspiring innovation and technical interest among students and awareness among the public, Tathva has played host to various lectures, seminars, workshops, competitions, paper presentations, exhibitions, quizzes, model displays and robotics events in the previous editions.
Students are taken in for the undergraduate courses is through the All India Engineering Entrance Exam (AIEEE) conducted by CBSE, New Delhi. Around 800,000 students wrote this test in 2008 to gain admission to one of 20 NITs.Admission to some other autonomous national level technical institutes (called Deemed University) is also through AIEEE. Admission to the graduate M.Tech and PhD courses are primarily based on scores in the GATE exam, conducted by the IITs. Admission to the MCA programme is done through the NIMCET conducted by the NITs.The first NIMCET in 2006 was conducted by NIT Calicut. Besides this faculty from other institutes work as research scholars in NITC under the Quality Improvement Programme (QIP). It is also the national coordination centre for the QIP of polytechnic institutes.
Under the constitution of the National Institutes of Technology Act 2007, the President of India is the Visitor to the Institute. The authorities of the institute are Board of Governors and the Senate. The Board is headed by the Chairman, who is appointed by the Visitor. The Director, who is the secretary of the Board, looks after the day-to-day running of the institute. The Board of Governors also has nominees of the Central Government, the State Government, the NIT Council & the Institute Senate.