The 5 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, L-2-aminohexanedioate, L-cysteine, L-valine, and H2O, whereas its 3 products are AMP, diphosphate, and [[N-[L-5-amino-5-carboxypentanoyl]-L-cysteinyl-D-valine]].
This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, specifically those forming carbon-nitrogen bonds as acid-D-amino-acid ligases (peptide synthases). The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-2-aminohexanedioate:L-cysteine:L-valine ligase (AMP-forming, valine-inverting). Other names in common use include L-delta-(alpha-aminoadipoyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine synthetase, ACV synthetase, and L-alpha-aminoadipyl-cysteinyl-valine synthetase. This enzyme participates in penicillin and cephalosporin biosynthesis.