Definitions

Murat, Joachim

Murat, Joachim

Murat, Joachim, 1767-1815, marshal of France, king of Naples (1808-15). He left his theological studies to enter the army and fought in Egypt under Napoleon, whom he helped (1799) in the coup of 18 Brumaire. Having married (1800) Napoleon's sister Caroline Bonaparte, he was made grand duke of Berg (1806) and in 1808 was chosen to succeed Joseph Bonaparte as king of Naples. A brilliant and dashing cavalry leader, Murat played an important part in Napoleon's victories, in the Russian campaign (1812), and in the battle of Leipzig (1813). After Leipzig, however, he reached (1814) an agreement with Austria in order to save his own throne. During the Hundred Days he deserted his new allies and again joined Napoleon. Defeated by the Austrians at Tolentino, he fled to Corsica after Napoleon's fall. In an attempt to regain Naples he was arrested and executed.

See H. Cole, The Murats (1972).

Murat, detail of a drawing by Antoine-Jean Gros; in the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris.

(born March 25, 1767, La Bastide-Fortunière, France—died Oct. 13, 1815, Pizzo, Calabria) French soldier and king of Naples (1808–15). He served in Italy and Egypt as a daring cavalry commander, and later he aided Napoleon in his coup d'état (1799) and married Napoleon's sister Caroline Bonaparte. He helped win the Battle of Marengo (1800). Appointed governor of Paris, he was promoted to marshal in 1804. After victories at the Battles of Austerlitz (1805) and Jena (1806), he was made king of Naples (1808), where he carried out administrative and economic reforms and encouraged Italian nationalism. He led troops in Napoleon's Russian campaign at the Battle of Borodino (1812) but left the army during its retreat from Moscow. He supported Napoleon again during the Hundred Days in 1815, but he was defeated with his Neapolitan forces at the Battle of Tolentino and was later taken prisoner and shot.

Learn more about Murat, Joachim with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Joachim Joseph Napoléon Murat, 4th Prince Murat, 3rd Prince of Pontecorvo (Bordentown, New Jersey, USA, June 21, 1834 - Château de Chambly, Chambly, Oise, France October 23, 1901), was a Major-General in the French Army and a member of the Bonaparte-Murat family.

Biography

Joachim Joseph was born at Bordertown, New Jersey, as the eldest son of Prince Napoleon Lucien Charles Murat, 2nd Prince of Pontecorvo and 3rd Prince Murat, the second son of Joachim Murat, King of Naples, who married Napoleone's sister, Caroline Bonaparte. His mother was Caroline Georgina Fraser (Charleston, South Carolina, April 13, 1810 - Paris, February 10, 1879), daughter of Thomas Fraser. He had other four siblings.

He moved to France with is family in 1848, after the fall of Louis-Philippe of France, where his father was appointed Minister, Senator and Imperial Prince.

In 1834 he married at the Tuileries Palace Malcy Louise Caroline Berthier de Wagram (Paris,June 22,1832 - Paris, May 17, 1884), daughter of Napoléon Berthier de Wagram, 2nd Duc de Wagram (September 10, 1810 - February 10, 1887, son of Marshal Berthier) and wife Zénaïde Françoise Clary (Paris, November 25, 1812 - Paris, April 27, 1884, niece of Désirée Clary and Julie Clary), and had issue (two daughters and one son, the 5th Prince Murat), and secondly in Paris, November 7, 1894 Lady Lydia Hervey (Kemptown, Sussex, August 15, 1841 - Château Chaâlis, September 25, 1901), without issue.

In 1852 Joachim entered the army, becoming an officer the following year and rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in 1863. In 1866 he became a Colonel of a regiment of the Cavalry Guard.

In 1870 he was made Brigadier General and participated in the war against Prussia that led to the end of the Second Empire.

After the fall of Napoleon III he retired to a private life but was able to maintain the title of General and Prince. He spent the rest of his life at his family's castle in Chambly where he died in 1901.

References

Search another word or see Murat, Joachimon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature