The first well known MPW service was MOSIS (Metal Oxide Silicon Implementation Service), established by DARPA as a technical and human infrastructure for VLSI. MOSIS began in 1981 after Lynn Conway organized the first VLSI System Design Course at M.I.T. in 1978. MOSIS primarily services commercial users now but continues to serve university students and researchers.
With MOSIS, designs are submitted for fabrication using either open (i. e., non-proprietary) VLSI layout design rules or vendor proprietary rules. Designs are pooled into common lots and run through the fabrication process at foundries. The completed chips (packaged or unpackaged) are returned to customers.
Many silicon fabrication facilities offer MPW runs or a company can produce its own MPW, e.g. combine several of its own designs to form one wafer completely owned by the company. In the latter case, it may be profitable to use most of the wafer for production chips and a small portion for producing prototypes of next generation chips.
US Patent Issued to Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing on March 8 for "Methods for Partially Removing Circuit Patterns from a Multi-Project Wafer" (Taiwanese Inventors)
Mar 09, 2011; ALEXANDRIA, Va., March 9 -- United States Patent no. 7,904,855, issued on March 8, was assigned to Taiwan Semiconductor...
US Patent Issued to Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing on Sept. 4 for "System on Chip Development with Reconfigurable Multi-Project Wafer Technology" (Taiwanese, American Inventors)
Sep 08, 2012; ALEXANDRIA, Va., Sept. 8 -- United States Patent no. 8,261,219, issued on Sept. 4, was assigned to Taiwan Semiconductor...