), purported patriarch
of one of two major branches of the so-called "North Arabian" (Adnanite
) tribes, the other branch being Rabi'ah
Mudhar descended from Nizar, the son of Ma'ad, the son of Adnan. Adnan's descent is traced back over forty generations to Ismail son of Abraham.
Around the 1st century BC Mudhar sons Elias
and Qais Ailan
branched into two major branches.
Elias bin Mudar branch
The Elias branch split into 3 major branches.
Tamim bin Murra
The Banu Tamim spread in the land between Southern Mespotomia (Al-Basra
) to the Center of the Arabian Peninsula
, Jordan, Khuzestan in Iran, Tunisia and the first Muslim Dynasty in Sicily
Hudhail bin Mudrika
The Bani Hudhail lived between Mecca
. Banu Lihyan branched out of the Banu Hudhail
Branched to Asad bin Khuzaimah and Kinana bin Khuzaimah
Asad Bin Khuzaimah
Banu Asad lived in Hijaz, Nejd and Iraq. They established the town of Hilla
Kinana Bin Khuzaimah
Branched into Quraish
bin Fahr bin Malik bin An-Nadr bin Kinana.
Quraish branched out into various tribes, the most famous of whom were Jumah, Sahm, ‘Adi, Makhzum, Tayim, Zahra and the three septs of Qusai bin Kilab: ‘Abdud-Dar bin Qusai, Asad bin ‘Abdul ‘Uzza bin Qusai and ‘Abd Manaf bin Qusai.
Qais Ailan bin Mudar branch
The Qias branched into three major branches:
The Banu Ghatafan were the biggest of the three tribes and lived along with the other Qaisi tribes east of Mecca near Taif. Sometimes historians referred to all the Qais tribes as Ghatafan in the pre-Islamic times.
Banu Ghatafan branched into Abs, Mutaiyr, Zubyan, Ashja‘a and Ghani bin Asur. Qais settled Syria after the introduction of Islam.
Banu Huwazin and Banu Saleem
The Banu Huwazin and Banu Saleem lived near Banu Ghatafan
and converted to Islam after their defeat in the Battle of Hunayn
. Settled Syria after Islam.