Motley County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 1,426. It is named for Junius William Mottley, who signed the Texas Declaration of Independence, who died in the Battle of San Jacinto; its name is spelled differently than his because the bill establishing the county misspelled Mottley's name. Motley County is one of 46 prohibition, or entirely dry, counties in the state of Texas. Its seat is Matador.
There were 606 households out of which 26.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.82.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 6.00% from 18 to 24, 21.10% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 23.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 101.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,348, and the median income for a family was $33,977. Males had a median income of $25,395 versus $13,333 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,584. About 13.90% of families and 19.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.30% of those under age 18 and 13.80% of those age 65 or over.