Mosonmagyaróvár is a combination of the towns Magyaróvár (Ungarisch-Altenburg) and Moson (Wieselburg). The town of Moson was the original capital of Moson County in the Kingdom of Hungary, but the county seat was moved to Magyaróvár during the Middle Ages. The two towns were combined in 1939. Due to the rather complex pronunciation Mosonmagyaróvár is also referred to as Movar amongst locals and Moson by foreigners.
Dentistry appears to be by far the largest economical factor in Mosonmagyaróvár with approximately 150 clinics (surgeries) and 350 practicing dentists. Worldwide this is the highest number of dentists on the total population. The reason for this is found in the demand for low cost dentistry by Austrians, who have been crossing borders to Hungary for decades. With Vienna nearby, Mosonmagyaróvár is within easy reach and official Hungarian government figures show 160,000 Austrians cross the border yearly for dental care.
Compared to economically wealthy countries where dental care is expensive, low business overheads in Hungary allow clinics to offer their services at extremely competitive rates. Especially for patients on a low income band or who are uninsured, dental tourism makes places like Mosonmagyaróvár interesting.
Due to this a whole dental tourism service industry has grown in Mosonmagyaróvár, not only including dentists, clinics and guided tour providers, but also the local hospitality industry lives off the dental factor. With the nearby international airports Bratislava and Vienna, Mosonmagyaróvár even attracts patients world wide, travelling as far as from the U.S. or Canada.