Definitions

Moreau

Moreau

[maw-roh or, Fr., maw-roh for 1–3; mawr-oh for 4]
Moreau, Gustave, 1826-98, French painter. He was known for his pictures of the weird and mystical. The recipient of many honors, he refused to sell his paintings except to friends. Moreau was professor at the École des Beaux-Arts, where his pupils included Matisse and Rouault. After his death, his house in Paris (now the Musée Moreau), with his fine art collection, was bequeathed to the nation. Orpheus (Louvre) and Oedipus and the Sphinx (Metropolitan Mus.) are characteristic works.

See studies by J. and J. P. Paladilhe (1972) and G. Lacambre (1999).

Moreau, Jean-Michel, 1741-1814, French draftsman and engraver, called Moreau le jeune. He is noted for his charming illustrations of the work of Voltaire, Molière, and Rousseau and for his admirable engravings of court masques and fetes. His brother, Louis Gabriel Moreau, 1740-1806, called Moreau l'aǐné, was a notable landscape painter, watercolorist, and etcher. His Coteaux de Mendon is in the Louvre.
Moreau, Jeanne, 1928-, French movie actress, b. Paris. She studied at the Comédie Française. She is known for her sophisticated portrayals of amoral heroines. In Jules and Jim (1961), she etched a highly ambiguous portrait of a delightful woman capable of destroying the men who love her. Her films include The Lovers (1959), Les Liaisons Dangereuses (1960), La Notte (1961), Diary of a Chambermaid (1964), Going Places (1974), The Trout (1982), La Femme Nikita (1990), and The Summer House (1993). In 1976, she directed her first feature, Lumière.
Moreau, Jean Victor, 1763-1813, French general in the French Revolutionary Wars. Despite his successes on the Rhine and in Germany (1796-97), he was dismissed for withholding compromising information about General Pichegru after the coup of 18 Fructidor (1797); he was later reinstated (Apr., 1799) at the head of the French army in Italy. After helping Napoleon Bonaparte in the coup of 18 Brumaire he was given command (1800) in Germany and routed the Austrians at Hohenlinden. At the conclusion of the war Moreau began to oppose Bonaparte. Informed of the royalist Cadoudal plot, he neither joined nor revealed it; after its discovery he was arrested and sentenced to imprisonment for two years. The sentence was commuted to exile, which he spent in Spain and America. Returning to Europe in 1813, he assisted the allies as an adviser in their war against Napoleon, but was killed in battle.
Moreau, Louis Gabriel: see Moreau, Jean-Michel.

(born Jan. 23, 1928, Paris, France) French film actress. At age 20 she became the youngest member of the Comédie-Française. She made her screen debut in The Last Love (1949) and won acclaim for her roles in Louis Malle's Frantic (1957) and The Lovers (1958). Though not conventionally beautiful, she became noted for her sensuality and sophistication. She starred in Moderato cantabile (1960), La notte (1961), and Jules et Jim (1961), playing a woman loved by two men in the movie that established her as an international star, and later in The Trial (1962), Diary of a Chambermaid (1964), and The Bride Wore Black (1968). She also directed films, including Lumière (1976) and L'Adolescente (1978).

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(born April 6, 1826, Paris, France—died April 18, 1898, Paris) French painter. He developed a distinctive style in the Symbolist mode, becoming known for his erotic paintings of mythological and religious subjects. Such works as Oedipus and the Sphinx (1864) and Dance of Salome (1876) have often been described as decadent. He made a number of technical experiments, including scraping his canvases; his nonfigurative paintings, done in a loose manner with thick impasto, have led some to call him a herald of Abstract Expressionism.

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(born May 8, 1829, New Orleans, La., U.S.—died Dec. 18, 1869, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.) U.S. composer and pianist. He was exposed early to the music of New Orleans's Caribbean and Latin American population. Sent to France at age 13 to study music, he quickly became known throughout Europe as a piano virtuoso and a composer of exotic piano works. He returned in 1853 and toured the U.S., West Indies, and South America. Though he wrote operas and symphonies, he is known for his more than 200 piano pieces, including La Bamboula, Le Bananier, Le Banjo, L'Union, and The Dying Poet. Gottschalk was the first American pianist to achieve international recognition and the first American composer to employ Latin American and Creole folk themes and rhythms.

Learn more about Gottschalk, Louis Moreau with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Jan. 23, 1928, Paris, France) French film actress. At age 20 she became the youngest member of the Comédie-Française. She made her screen debut in The Last Love (1949) and won acclaim for her roles in Louis Malle's Frantic (1957) and The Lovers (1958). Though not conventionally beautiful, she became noted for her sensuality and sophistication. She starred in Moderato cantabile (1960), La notte (1961), and Jules et Jim (1961), playing a woman loved by two men in the movie that established her as an international star, and later in The Trial (1962), Diary of a Chambermaid (1964), and The Bride Wore Black (1968). She also directed films, including Lumière (1976) and L'Adolescente (1978).

Learn more about Moreau, Jeanne with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born April 6, 1826, Paris, France—died April 18, 1898, Paris) French painter. He developed a distinctive style in the Symbolist mode, becoming known for his erotic paintings of mythological and religious subjects. Such works as Oedipus and the Sphinx (1864) and Dance of Salome (1876) have often been described as decadent. He made a number of technical experiments, including scraping his canvases; his nonfigurative paintings, done in a loose manner with thick impasto, have led some to call him a herald of Abstract Expressionism.

Learn more about Moreau, Gustave with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born May 8, 1829, New Orleans, La., U.S.—died Dec. 18, 1869, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.) U.S. composer and pianist. He was exposed early to the music of New Orleans's Caribbean and Latin American population. Sent to France at age 13 to study music, he quickly became known throughout Europe as a piano virtuoso and a composer of exotic piano works. He returned in 1853 and toured the U.S., West Indies, and South America. Though he wrote operas and symphonies, he is known for his more than 200 piano pieces, including La Bamboula, Le Bananier, Le Banjo, L'Union, and The Dying Poet. Gottschalk was the first American pianist to achieve international recognition and the first American composer to employ Latin American and Creole folk themes and rhythms.

Learn more about Gottschalk, Louis Moreau with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Moreau is a town in Saratoga County, New York, United States. The population was 13,826 at the 2000 census. The town is named after Jean Victor Moreau, a French general, who visited the area just before the town was formed.

The Town of Moreau is located in the northeast part of the county, north of Saratoga Springs.

History

The town, although part of Town of Northumberland until 1805, was first settled around 1766 at what is now the village of South Glens Falls.

Grant Cottage State Historic Site, the last home of Ulysses S. Grant, former President and army general, is on the grounds of Mt. McGregor Correctional Facility. Grant spent the last weeks of his life there, finishing his memoirs.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.6 square miles (112.9 km²), of which, 42.2 square miles (109.2 km²) of it is land and 1.5 square miles (3.8 km²) of it (3.32%) is water.

The town's entire northern and eastern boundaries are established by the Hudson River. The eastern town line, formed by the river, is the border of Washington County. The north town line is the border of Warren County.

The Adirondack Northway (Interstate 87) and US Route 9 are north-south highways through the town. New York State Route 32 intersects US-9 at the hamlet of Fernwood, and New York State Route 197 intersects NY-32 at the hamlet of Reynolds Corners.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 13,826 people, 5,128 households, and 3,543 families residing in the town. The population density was 327.9 people per square mile (126.6/km²). There were 5,395 housing units at an average density of 128.0/sq mi (49.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.07% White, 3.58% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.09% of the population.

There were 5,128 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 107.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $40,536, and the median income for a family was $47,788. Males had a median income of $35,660 versus $25,321 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,492. About 4.7% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Moreau

  • Bakers Falls -- a small waterfall on the Hudson River near Fenimore.
  • Clarks Corner -- A hamlet in the southeast part of the town on NY-32. It was named after early physician Billy Clark.
  • Fenimore -- A location east of South Glens Falls.
  • Fernwood -- A hamlet and suburb of the City of Glens Falls on US-9.
  • Fortsville -- A hamlet in the southwest part of the town.
  • Moreau Lake State Park -- A state park in the southwest part of the town.
  • Mt. McGregor Correctional Facility -- A New York State prison by the western part of the town.
  • Reynolds Corners -- A hamlet south of South Glens Falls on NY-32 at NY-197.
  • South Glens Falls -- The Village of South Glens Falls is located by the north town line on US-9, adjacent to the Hudson River.

References

External links

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