Itsye Mordkhe Schaechter
: דר איציע מרדכי שעכטער; December 1
, 1927-February 15
, 2007) was a leading Yiddish linguist, as well as a writer and educator who spent a lifetime studying, standardizing and teaching the language. Dr. Schaechter, whose passion for Yiddish dated to his boyhood in Romania, dedicated his life to reclaiming Yiddish as a living language for the descendants of its first speakers, the Ashkenazic
Jewry of central and eastern Europe. Written in the Hebrew alphabet
and containing Semitic
and other components, it is one of the three major literary languages in Jewish history
, the others being Hebrew
. He was also the third editor of Afn Shvel
(1957-2004), a prestigious Yiddish magazine. He died on February 15, 2007 after a long bout of illness following a stroke in the summer of 2001.
Dr. Schaechter was born in the Romanian town of Czernowitz (in Yiddish; known in Romanian as Cernăuţi, and in Ukrainian Chernivtsi
). He became fascinated with Yiddish as a pupil and later studied linguistics at the University of Bucharest
. He completed his doctorate in Linguistics at the University of Vienna
in 1951. Starting in 1947, he worked for the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, as a zamler
, or collector, for the YIVO Archives in the post-war D.P. camps in Austria.
When Dr. Schaechter came to America in 1951, he served in military intelligence in the United States Army during the Korean War. Following this, he resumed his association with YIVO and began teaching and writing. He continued his work as a bibliographer and proofreader (1954-1956), and then, from the 1970s until 1986, he was a bibliographer, proofreader and finally editor of YIVO’s Yiddishe Shprakh
, a journal devoted to the pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary of standard Yiddish
. He also founded the Committee for the Implementation of the Standardized Yiddish Orthography in 1958. From 1981 until his retirement in 1993, he was Senior Lecturer in Yiddish Studies at Columbia University
in New York. Besides this, he also taught Yiddish language in the intensive Uriel Weinreich
Program in Yiddish Language, Literature & Culture, a joint project of YIVO
and Columbia University, since its inception in 1968 until 2002. He has also taught Yiddish courses at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America
(1960-1962), Jewish Teacher's Seminary-Herzliah
(1962-1978) and Yeshiva University
(1968-1973) and has instructed many distinguished scholars and professors of Yiddish language, literature and Jewish history throughout the world.
In the 1980s, he was associate editor of The Great Dictionary of the Yiddish Language and, from 1961 to 1972, he was associate editor of The Language and Culture Atlas of Ashkenazic Jewry.
Dr. Schaechter received the Itzik Manger
Prize, the most prestigious Yiddish literary award, in 1994; the Khayim Zhitlowsky
Award in 1984; and the Osher Schuchinsky
Award from the World Congress for Jewish Culture
His achievements in the cultural sphere are no less impressive than those in the literary or academic sphere. He is the founder of the League for Yiddish and served as its executive director from the inception of the organization in 1979 until his retirement in 2004. In 1964 he founded Yugntruf
- Youth for Yiddish together with several of his students, and he served as its official advisor until 1974.
The entire Schaechter-Gottesman
family has been very productive in the field of Yiddish culture. His mother, Lifshe Schaechter-Widman
, wrote a memoir, Durkhgelebt a Velt (A Full Life) in 1973, and served as a resource for folksong researchers with her recording "Az Di Furst Avek" (When You Go Away). His sister, Beyle Schaechter-Gottesman
, is a Yiddish poet and songwriter; and she has published books together with Charne Schaechter
, her sister-in-law. Dr. Schaechter's daughter, Gitl Schaechter-Viswanath
is also a Yiddish poet; his son Binyumen (Ben) Schaechter
is a composer and musical director in Yiddish and English; daughter Rukhl Schaechter
is a journalist with the Yiddish Forward
; daughter Eydl Reznik
teaches Yiddish among the ultra-Orthodox community in Tsfat
. His nephew, Itzik Gottesman
, is an editor of The Forward
and the Tsukunft
, and a scholar of Yiddish folklore. All sixteen of his grandchildren speak and read Yiddish fluently.
- Di Geviksn-Velt in Yidish ["Plant Names in Yiddish: A Handbook of Botanical Terminology”]. New York: League for Yiddish/YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, 2005.
- Yiddish II: An Intermediate and Advanced Textbook. Fourth Edition. New York: League for Yiddish, 2004.
- Fun Folkshprakh tsu Kulturshprakh [The History of the Standardized Yiddish Spelling], New York: League for Yiddish/YIVO, 1999.
- Kurs Fun Yidisher Ortografye [A Course of the Yiddish Orthography], 4th ed. New York: League for Yiddish, 1996.
- Trogn, Hobn un Friyike Kinder-yorn [Pregnancy, Childbirth and Early Childhood]. New York: League for Yiddish, 1991.
- Eynglish-Yidish Verterbikhl Fun Akademisher Terminologye [English-Yiddish Dictionary of Academic Terminology]. New York: League for Yiddish, 1988.
- Laytish Mame-Loshn [Authentic Yiddish]. New York: League for Yiddish, 1986.
- Mit A Gutn Apetit! Reshime Gastronomishe Terminen [Bon Appétit! Yiddish Gastronomic Terminology]. New York-Hamden-Philadelphia: Foundation for a Living Yiddish, 1976.
- Elyokum Tsunzers Verk: Kritishe Oysgabe, [The Works of Elyokum Zunser: A critical edition]. New York: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, [2 volumes], 1964.
- Guide to the Standardized Yiddish Orthography. YIVO, 1961.
- Aktionen im Jiddischen: Ein sprachwissenschaftlicher Beitrag zur Bedeutungslehre des Verbums. Phil. Diss. Vienna 1951.
- League for Yiddish website: http://www.leagueforyiddish.org/english.html
- Dr. Schaechter's library has been donated to the Eisenhower Library, Johns Hopkins University. Books are listed in the library's catalog as "Gift of From the collection of Dr. Mordkhe and Charne Schaechter".