- For other uses of Montereau, see Montereau (disambiguation).
Montereau-Fault-Yonne is a commune in France, chief town of a canton, in the southeastern part of the Seine-et-Marne department.
The city takes its name of its geographical position with the confluence of the Yonne
and the Seine
, also spelled faut
comes from the verb faillir
, "to fail" in French in its old direction is necessary to fall
The town is split in two by the rivers, ville basse
situated on the southern shore and Surville
on the hill to the north. The old town centre is located in ville basse
is an assembly of high rise buildings, erected after World War II, and is in many ways a typical cité
in the Île-de-France
. Some of these high rise buildings are now (2005) going to be destroyed and replaced by individual houses. The old château-park in Surville
(now the site of a high school Lycée André Malraux
) however gives a very nice view over the confluent and the Seine-et-Marne
In 1359, the King of Navarre Charles II of Navarre
, who held the town because of his Champagne
ascent, lost it in front of the regent of France (the future king Charles V
John the Fearless was killed on the bridge of the town in September, 1419 by Tanneguy du Châtel and the sire de Barbazan, during the interview which he had with the dauphin, future king Charles VII.
The collégiale Notre-Dame-et-Saint-Loup contains a sword which would have belonged to Jean sans Peur.
The Geographer Malte-Brun reported, in La France illustrée (1882), that aurait (would have) a long time reading the following inscription about a bridge where the duke was assassinated.
In 1420, Philip the Good, the son of John the Fearless, seized the town, which remained for eight years in the hands of the Anglo-Burgundian coalition. However, at the end of a long seat, the king Charles VII, helped by Chabannes and Dunois, managed to take it again.
In 1567, during the Wars of Religion, Condé briefly seized the town.
In 1587, the inhabitants of Montereau took of party of the Catholic League, but ended up being accepted in 1590 the legitimacy of the new king Henry IV.
Montereau was also the place of one of the last victories of Napoleon on February 14, 1814.
Inhabitants of Montereau-Fault-Yonne are called Monterelais
The population rose with 17,625 inhabitants in 1999 (25,580 for the urban area).
The canton, which belonged to the arrondissement of Fontainebleau in the beginning, was attached to Provins in 1926. It has 14 communes and 33,646 inhabitants.
Historically, the city has sported a strong industrial base and thus has strong blue collar roots. In recent decades, unemployment has become an increasing problem, especially within the immigrant community in Surville.