is the name of a département
of the First French Empire
in present Germany
. It is named after the highest point in the Rhenish Palatinate
, the Donnersberg
. It was the southernmost of four départements
formed in 1798
, when the west bank of the Rhine was annexed by France. Prior to the French occupation, its territory was divided between the Archbishopric of Mainz
,the Bishopric of Speyer
and the Electoral Palatinate
. Its territory is part of the present German lands Rhineland-Palatinate
. Its capital was Mayence
(Mainz). The département was subdivided into the following arrondissements
- Mainz, cantons: Alzey, Bingen, Bechtheim, Ingelheim, Kirchheimbolanden, Mainz, Nieder-Olm, Oppenheim, Wöllstein and Wörrstadt.
- Kaiserslautern, cantons: Göllheim, Kaiserslautern, Lauterecken, Obermoschel, Otterberg, Rockenhausen, Winnweiler and Wolfstein.
- Speyer, cantons: Bad Dürkheim, Edenkoben, Frankenthal, Germersheim, Grünstadt, Mutterstadt, Neustadt (Weinstraße), Pfeddersheim, Speyer and Worms.
- Zweibrücken, cantons: Annweiler, Homburg, Hornbach, Landstuhl, Medelsheim, Pirmasens, Waldfischbach and Zweibrücken.
After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, the département was divided between Bavaria (Palatinate) and Hesse (around Mainz).