The Monothelite teaching emerged as a compromise position. The Monophysites could agree that Jesus had two natures if he only had one will, and some Chalcedonians could agree that Jesus had one will if he had two natures.
Perhaps at the suggestion of Emperor Heraclius (610–641), the Monothelite position was promulgated by Patriarch Sergius I of Constantinople (patriarch 610–638). The Monothelite position gained favor in the Church for a time, and spread under Pope Honorius I (pope 625–638).
Monothelitism was officially condemned at the Third Council of Constantinople (the Sixth Ecumenical Council, 680–681). The churches condemned at Constantinople include the Oriental Orthodox churches and the Maronite church, although they now deny that they ever held the Monothelite view (they describe their own Christology as Miaphysite). Christians in England rejected the Monothelite position at the Council of Hatfield in 680.