The next day, however, the Virginia, now under command of Lt. Catesby Jones, was challenged by the strange-looking Union ironclad Monitor (see monitor), built by John Ericsson and commanded by Lt. John L. Worden. The Monitor had just reached Hampton Roads after a precarious voyage from New York City. The ships engaged in a four-hour close-range duel, which resulted in a draw. This combat between two ironclad warships marked a revolution in naval warfare.
In April the Virginia, under Capt. Josiah Tattnall, again challenged the Monitor, but the Union ship declined combat. When General McClellan's advance in the Peninsular campaign forced the Confederates to abandon Norfolk, Tattnall, unable to lighten the Virginia sufficiently for passage up the James River, destroyed her (May, 1862). The Monitor foundered and sank in heavy seas off Cape Hatteras in Dec., 1862.
In 1973 scientists discovered the intact wreck of the Monitor, and the site was subsequently protected by the Monitor National Marine Sanctuary. The steam engine and turret of the Monitor were recovered in 2002 for display with other artifacts at the Mariner's Museum, Newport News, Va.
See R. M. McCordock, The Yankee Cheese Box (1938); H. A. Trexler, The Confederate Ironclad "Virginia" (1938); R. W. Daly, How the Merrimac Won (1957); W. C. White and R. White, Tin Can on a Shingle (1957); W. C. Davis, Duel Between the First Ironclads (1981); J. T. deKay, Monitor (1997).
Its first draft was completed while Thoreau lived at Walden Pond. Upon completing the book, Thoreau was unable to find a publisher willing to publish it, and so had it published at his own expense. The book failed to sell, and Thoreau was left with several hundred extra copies, and put into debt. A slightly revised version of the book, based on corrections Thoreau had made himself, was published in 1868, six years after his death.
HIDDEN TREASURE BY THE RIVER BUILT IN 1794, FORT NORFOLK STILL SITS QUIETLY ON THE ELIZABETH'S SHORE. CAN YOU FIND IT?(NORFOLK COMPASS)
Apr 04, 1996; Byline: SCOTT McCASKEY, STAFF WRITER THE FORT STANDS as one of the nation's best-preserved sites from the War of 1812. During the...