Monimiaceae is a family of flowering plants, which includes 150-220 species of shrubs and small trees in 18-25 genera. They are native to the southern hemisphere tropics and subtropics. The largest genus is Tambourissa, with 50 species in Madagascar, the Mascarene Islands, and the Comoros. The type genus, Monimia, is endemic to the Macarenes.
The earliest fossil occurrence of the family is from the late Cretaceous of Antarctica.
- Subfamily Hortonioideae
- Subfamily Mollinedioideae
- Tribe Hedycaryeae
- Genus Decarydendron (3 species, Madagascar)
- Genus Ephippiandra (8 species, Madagascar)
- Genus Tambourissa (approximately 50 species, Madagascar and the Mascarenes)
- Genus Hedycarya (11 species, mostly of New Caledonia, also New Zealand, Australia to Fiji)
- Genus Kibaropsis (1 species, New Caledonia)
- Genus Levieria (9 species, Queensland, New Guinea to Sulawesi)
- Genus Xymalos (1-3 species in Africa; Afromontane endemic, from 900-2700 m elevation from Sudan to South Africa, and on Mount Cameroon and Bioko).
- Tribe Mollinedieae
- Tribe Hennecartieae
- Lorence, D. H., 1985. A monograph of the Monimiaceae (Laurales) in the Malagasy Region (Southwest Indian Ocean). Annals of the Missouri Botanic Garden 72: 1-165.
- Philipson, W. R., 1987. A classification of the Monimiaceae. Nordic Journal of Botany 7: 25-29.