Definitions

Molina

Molina

[moh-lee-nuh, muh-; Sp. maw-lee-nah]
Molina, Luis, 1535-1600, Spanish Jesuit theologian. He taught at Coimbra and Évora. In 1589 he published Concordia, a work in which he expounded the doctrine known as Molinism. Molinism tries to reconcile the dogma of the efficacy of God's grace with the dogma of the freedom of human will. Discarding St. Thomas's reconciliation of the two dogmas (see grace), Molina made the condition of grace dependent upon the free consent of the will. The Dominicans attacked Molinism and Molina; the Jesuits defended him in a dispute that grew extremely bitter. The theology of Francisco Suárez attempted to bridge the differences.
Molina, Maria de: see María de Molina.
Molina, Mario, 1943-, Mexican chemist, Ph.D. Univ. of California, Berkeley, 1972. Molina was a professor at the Univ. of California, Irvine from 1975 to 1982 and a researcher at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., from 1982 to 1989, when he then joined the faculty at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 2005 Molina became a professor at the Univ. of California, San Diego. He shared the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Paul Crutzen and Sherwood Rowland for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone. Molina and Rowland are credited with identifying the threat to the ozone layer from chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) gases, which were used as propellants in aerosol cans and as coolants in refrigerators. Published in Nature in 1974, their findings led to a ban on the use of CFCs.
Molina, Tirso de: see Tirso de Molina.
Molina is a Spanish and Italian surname. It may refer to:

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  • Gerardo Molina (1906–1991), Colombian writer, politician, and academic
  • Gloria Molina (contemporary), American politician, chairwoman of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors

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  • Yadier Molina (1982—), Puerto Rican professional baseball player

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