Following the decline of Truso to the south and Grobin to the north in the course of the century, Kaup succeeded them as the principal regional colony of Swedish merchants from Birka. It was superbly sited along the sand-barred shore particularly rich in amber, hidden from potential enemies within a bay "where islands, shoals, and complicated channels made the approach slow and observable".
Kaup flourished as a market town protected by a garrison until the end of the 10th century, when Harold I's son, Haakon, a Dane, raided Samland. This attack, attested by Saxo Grammaticus, probably contributed to the downfall of Kaup, which was again burned to the ground by the Dane Canute the Great during his anti-Prussian raid in 1016. The Norsemen raids ended in the 11th century. They abandoned the Curonian shore for good, but the Prussians continued to occupy the site until the Northern crusades of the 13th century.
The tumuli are semi-spherical, less than one meter in height and ranging from five to twelve meters in diameter. A huge boulder was placed on top of each barrow. Some burial mounds were surrounded by stone rings. The Vikings were cremated elsewhere, together with their swords and arrows, before ashes of the dead and their burnt weapons were deposited inside the barrows.
Prime Minister Vladimir Putin meets with residents of the village of Mokhovoye, Lukhovitsy district, Moscow Region, who have been affected by the fires.
Aug 03, 2010; Vladimir Putin assured everyone who has been left homeless by the fires that their new homes would be better than their old ones....
PRIME MINISTER VLADIMIR PUTIN MEETS WITH RESIDENTS OF THE VILLAGE OF MOKHOVOYE, LUKHOVITSY DISTRICT, MOSCOW REGION, WHO HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY THE FIRES.
Aug 03, 2010; MOSCOW, Russia -- The following information was released by the government of the Russian Federation: The prime minister assured...