(born 17 September 1926, in Ayt Saden close to Fes
) is a Moroccan writer, especially interested in the Berber
heritage of his country. He is the author of a Berber-Arab dictionary (3 volumes).
He is also considered as one of the major figures in the Moroccan Amazigh Movement. He taught at the university, participated in many conferences about the Amazigh case and wrote many books. He received the Palmes Academiques Francaises (chevalier) in 1972) and is a member of the Academy of the Kingdom of Morocco since 1980. In 2002 he receceived the prestigious Prince Claus Award for his academic achievements.
He is also known as the writer and first signer of the Amazigh Manifesto in the year 2000 in which he and thousands of Amazigh activists demanded, from the Moroccan state, the official recognition of the Amazigh language as a national and official language of the kingdom.
In 2001, Mohamed Chafik was appointed by the king Mohammed VI to be the first rector of the newborn IRCAM, the Royal Institute of Amazigh Culture. He accepted the job but refused to receive any salary for it. Mr. Chafik is also member of the Moroccan advisory council on human rights.
- The Arabic Amazigh dictionary / 3 volumes/ published by the Academy of the Kingdom of Morocco.
(Dictionaire bilingue arabe-amazigh, tome 1 (1990), tome 2 (1996), tome 3 (1999), Publications de l'Académie marocaine.)
- 33 centuries of Amazigh History.
- Chafik, M, Trente trois siècle de l’histoire des imazighen, Boukili éd. 2000 (3e éd.).
- Chafik, M, La poésie amazighe et la résistance armée dans le Moyen Atlas et l’Est du Haut Atlas, revue de l’Académie du Royaume, no4,1987.
- The Amazigh Language's Linguistic Structure.
- Diggings in the Amazigh Language.
- 44 lessons in the Amazigh Language.
- Interview with Mohamed Chafik in TelQuel-Online by Driss Ksikes (in French): "L'Islam prône la Laïcité"
- A Brief Survey of Thirty-Three Centuries of Amazigh History, 2005