Mügeln is a town in the district Nordsachsen, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is located 9 km southwest of Oschatz and 14 km northwest of Döbeln. The town has a population of approximately 4700 people.
It was in the year of 984 that Mügeln was first menitoned in any documents. The locality was predoniantly of a Slavish nature. In the year of 1064, Müglen came into the possession of Bishop von Meissen, and in the year of 1256 Mügeln was awarded the right to hold a market.
13 years later, Mügeln was plundered. And most of its inhabitants fell victim to a plague epidemic.
In April 1945 the city is occupied by Soviet troops
On August 19, 2007, eight Indian citizens were chased through the town and beaten. The assailants were a large group of predominantly German youths and the motives behind this attack are still to be ascertained. The incident received worldwide media attention, which was particularly disturbing and unwelcome because of the participation of some of the public in what could be rightly compared to little better than spectators seeking enjoyment by encouraging the assailents to continnue their assault.
The incident occurred during a town celebration in Mügeln, and although the motives are still unclear, racism is thought to be at the root of the trouble. Furthermore, one of the victims has accused the police of brutality. A preliminary investigation has been launched against two of those believed to be responsible for the assault, and the German Federal Government has vowed to increase its efforts to thwart right-wing extremism.
Mügeln is not directly situated on any main traffic routes, but it is only 10 km south of Mügeln until one encounters the A14 motorawy, and 10 km to the north until one encounters the B6 federal highway, close to Oschatz. In addition, there is a narrow gauge railway, the 'savage Robert' which is operated by the museum as one of its attractions.
To the south west at approximately 124Km lies the city of Weimar. This again clearly demonstrates that Mugeln is very well served by metropolitan centres including cities with a preponderance of internationally acclaimed, academic institutions.
German is the predominant language, as one would expect in Germany :-), but more so to the extent that visitors from outside Germany may find it useful not to be able to easily revert to their mother tongue, if they are keen to gain a more thorough understanding of the German language. For the academically inclined, the Goethe Institute is available in Leipzig and Dresden.
The comparatively flat countryside around Mugeln is mostly made over to agriculture, and comprises moderately large fields for the growing of crops. Not the most dramatic of scenery, to be sure, but is regarded as good cycling country, nonetheless. A number of man-made lakes are an occasional feature, the largest of which being situated in and around a forested area of some 30Km/sq, less than 7.0Km to the north-west. The forested area effectively surrounds the neighbouring village of Wermsdorf on all sides except the south side which faces towards Mugeln. Wermsdorf has quarry to the north-east of its boundary, and well maintained historical buildings to go visit.