Mladá Boleslav

Mladá Boleslav

Mladá Boleslav, Ger. Jungbunzlau, city (1991 pop. 44,459), N central Czech Republic, in Bohemia. The city is an industrial center that manufactures automobiles, tractors, and agricultural machinery. Founded in the 10th cent., it became a center of the Bohemian Brethren (see Moravian Church) in the 15th to 16th cent.
Mladá Boleslav (German: Jungbunzlau, Hebrew, Latin: Bumsla) is a city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, on the left bank of the Jizera river about 50 km northeast of Prague.

Founded in the second half of the 10th century by King Boleslav II as a royal castle. Because there already was a castle known as Boleslav near Prague, this new castle was named Mladá (young) to distinguish it from the older Boleslav, which became known in the 15th century as Stará Boleslav (Old Boleslav). The town received partial city rights in 1334 and 1436, becoming an important site on the road from Prague to northern Bohemia, Lusatia, and Brandenburg. In the 16th century the town was a leading centre of the Unitas Fratrum / Unity of the Brethren / Moravian Church church, hosting the Brethren's bishop, Renaissance church, and printing house. After being re-Catholicized in the 17th century, the town's population declined.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, Mladá Boleslav was an important Jewish center. In this period, about one half of the town's population was Jewish. In the 19th century (in fact, the period of decline of the Jewish community), Mladá Boleslav was dubbed "Jerusalem on Jizera". In 1634, Jacob Bashevi von Treuenberg (born 1580 in Verona, Italy), the first ennobled Jew in the Hapsburg monarchy, was buried on the Jewish cemetery in Mladá Boleslav.

In the 19th century new prosperity came: the town became an important regional centre as new schools, theatres, museums, and the Laurin & Klement (today Škoda) automobile factory were founded. After the communist revolution in 1948, the town suffered a mass decline, however it has been improving since the 1990s as the factory is making it one of the richest Czech towns.

The local football team FK Mladá Boleslav qualified for the 2006/7 Uefa Cup via the Uefa Champions League and surprisingly beat Olympique de Marseille 4-3 on aggregate in the first round.

Visitors sights

  • Templ Municipal History Museum - new holographic exhibition in gothic town-palace;
  • Škoda Museum - Car museum;
  • Brethren renaissance cathedral - public open gallery;
  • Regional Museum - Historical, cultural and social history collections

Important personalities

Sister cities

External links

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