(August 31, 1918–November 15, 2003) was a recipient of the Medal of Honor
from World War II
. He received this most prestigious military honor awarded by the United States of America
for his actions at the Battle of Guadalcanal
in the Solomon Islands
on October 26, 1942, where, after all of the other Marines in his platoon were killed or wounded, he operated four machine guns, singlehandedly stopping an entire Japanese regiment.
Mitchell was born in Charleroi, Pennsylvania
. His parents were Serb
immigrants who arrived in the USA from the Military Frontier
, their last name being Pejić
. His mother kept him and his brother in touch with their roots, reminding them of the Battle of Kosovo
, but also told them to be proud Americans.
In the Battle of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands, on October 26, 1942, while a platoon Sergeant in the United States Marine Corps, he held his line against advancing Japanese forces even after all of his comrades had been killed or wounded. After reinforcements arrived, Paige led a counterattack against the Japanese, which successfully repelled the enemy forces and held the American line. While on Guadalcanal he was commissioned a second lieutenant in the field on December 19, 1942. General Alexander Vandegrift presented Paige with the Medal of Honor in a special ceremony in Balcombe, Australia, on May 21, 1943 for his actions. Paige later served in the Korean War, retiring from active duty in 1959.
Among his numerous military decorations were: the Medal of Honor, the Purple Heart, the Presidential Unit Citation, the Good Conduct Medal, the China Service Medal, the American Defense Service Medal with Base clasp, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two bronze stars, the American Campaign Medal, the Victory Medal, the National Defense Service Medal, the Korean Service Medal, the Marine Corps Reserve Ribbon, and the United Nations Service Medal.
Paige retired in 1959 with the rank of Colonel. In retirement, Paige wrote a book about his experiences titled A Marine Named Mitch (published in 1975). In his later years, he served to ferret out imposters wearing or selling the Medal of Honor.
On November 15, 2003, Colonel Paige died of congestive heart failure at his home in La Quinta, California at the age of 85. He was the last surviving Medal of Honor recipient of the Guadalcanal campaign. He was buried with full military honors at the Riverside National Cemetery in Riverside, California.
Non-military awards and recognitions
Paige was awarded the Eagle Scout
award by the Boy Scouts of America
on March 24, 2003; which he had earned in 1936, his last year in high school, but had never been presented because he had left home to join the Marine Corps. He is one of only seven known Eagle Scouts who also received the Medal of Honor. The others are Aquilla J. Dyess
(USMC), Robert Edward Femoyer
(U.S. Army Air Corps), Eugene B. Fluckey
), Benjamin L. Salomon
(USA), Leo K. Thorsness
(USAF), Jay Zeamer, Jr.
(USAAF). Paige is also a recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award
from the Boy Scouts of America.
Medal of Honor citation
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the MEDAL OF HONOR to
PLATOON SERGEANT MITCHELL PAIGE
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
for service as set forth in the following CITATION:
- For extraordinary heroism and conspicuous gallantry in action above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the Second Battalion, Seventh Marines, First Marine Division, in combat against enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area on October 26, 1942. When the enemy broke through the line directly in front of his position, Platoon Sergeant Paige, commanding a machine-gun section with fearless determination, continued to direct the fire of his gunners until all his men were either killed or wounded. Alone, against the deadly hail of Japanese shells, he manned his gun, and when it was destroyed, took over another, moving from gun to gun, never ceasing his withering fire against the advancing hordes until reinforcements finally arrived. Then, forming a new line, he dauntlessly and aggressively led a bayonet charge, driving the enemy back and preventing a break through in our lines. His great personal valor and unyielding devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
/S/ FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
- >Colonel Mitchell Paige, USMC. Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved on 2007-10-27..
- Mitchell Paige tells the story of His Medal of Honor action.