Missouri University of Science and Technology (commonly Missouri S&T), is an institution of higher learning located in Rolla, Missouri, and part of the University of Missouri System. Its 6,150 students primarily study engineering, computing, mathematics, and the sciences. On January 1, 2008, the university changed its name to Missouri University of Science and Technology from the University of Missouri–Rolla.
Missouri S&T was originally a University of Missouri
offspring called the University of Missouri School of Mines
(MSM), founded in 1870 as the first technological learning institution west of the Mississippi River
. Early in its beginnings, the School of Mines was focused primarily on mining
and metallurgy, but by the 1920s, had expanded into civil
, and chemical engineering
as well as chemistry
A greater emphasis was placed on research and graduate education during the 1950s. In 1964, the School of Mines, although always a part of the University of Missouri system, changed its name to University of Missouri at Rolla. The curriculum was expanded to include most of the science and engineering disciplines, as well as social sciences and liberal arts such as psychology and history. In 1968, the campus name was slightly altered to the University of Missouri–Rolla, thus conforming to the naming scheme of the other three campuses. Business and management programs were gradually added in the following years. On January 1, 2008 UMR became known as Missouri University of Science and Technology or Missouri S&T for short. Although known primarily as an engineering school, Missouri S&T has a wide variety of majors in humanities, social sciences, arts, sciences, and business.
Missouri S&T ranks as one of the twenty-five largest universities in the United States in number of engineering bachelor's degrees awarded. The average ACT score for first-time freshmen was 27.4 in 2007, significantly above both the state (21.5) and national (20.9) averages.
Missouri S&T has been voted a "top 100 value in education" and also named one of the nation's "most connected" campuses. Its residence hall system is widely recognized; Missouri S&T was voted "Large School of the Year 2005" by the Midwest Affiliate of College and University Residence Halls, or MACURH (a regional subdivision of NACURH) and most recently its honor organization, National Residence Hall Honorary (NRHH), was chosen as the 2008 National Chapter of the Year.
The school operates the 200 kW Missouri S&T reactor on-campus for educational, training, and research purposes. The Missouri S&T reactor is the first nuclear reactor to become operational in Missouri, and first achieved criticality in 1961.
Missouri S&T Stonehenge
Missouri S&T Stonehenge is a partial reconstruction of the original Stonehenge monument located on Salisbury Plain, west of London. Missouri S&T's version of the ancient structure is located on the northwest corner of campus, and was dedicated on June 20, 1984 during the summer solstice. It features a 50 foot (15 m) diameter ring of 30 stones around a horseshoe of five trilithons through which various sightings of sunrise and sunset can be made. About 160 tons of granite were used to construct the monument. The rock was cut by Missouri S&T's water jet cutter equipment, which used two waterjets cutting at a pressure of 15,000 pounds of force per square inch (103 MPa), slicing across the surface just like a conventional saw. The cutter moved at a speed of about 10 feet per minute (50 mm/s) and cut between one-quarter and one-half inch (6 and 13 mm) on each pass.
After completion, Missouri S&T Stonehenge received an award from the National Society of Professional Engineers for being one of 1985's Ten Outstanding Engineering Achievements.
The university worked with artist Edwina Sandys
to develop a new way to make deep cuts in granite, and used the method to create the Millennium Arch sculpture, across the campus from Stonehenge. The Arch is a single trilithon
with a vague silhouette of a man and a woman on each of its supporting megaliths several meters from the arch (and can be seen in the distance between the two silhouettes in the image to the left). The monument is located on 10th Street, facing Castleman Hall, in Rolla. The project was developed in the High Pressure Waterjet Laboratory
of the Rock Mechanics & Explosive Research Center
at Missouri S&T.
There are two similar but smaller megaliths showing the same silhouette on each side of the sidewalk entrance to the Rock Mechanics & Explosive Research Center.
Curtis Laws Wilson Library
The Curtis Laws Wilson Library is the main academic library on the campus.
Student engineering projects
There are many activities, clubs, and teams at Missouri S&T, but the several engineering design teams frequently take the spotlight.
Show-Me Solar Team
The Show-Me Solar Team, formerly known as the Solar House team, designs and builds a house that is completely sustained by energy collected directly from the sun. After the house is built on campus, it is disassembled and transported to Washington D.C.
for the Solar Decathlon
, a month long competition. The Solar House Team placed 11th overall in 2007. The team took first place in the Energy Balance category at the 2005 competition. At the 2002 competition the team took first place in Refrigeration, second place in Energy Balance and third in Hot Water. In 2002 and 2005, the Missouri S&T team took 9th place and 7th overall place respectively.
In the 2007 the Missouri S&T team took 20th place in Architecture which contributed significantly to their low placement overall. For the 2009 competition, the Missouri S&T team has teamed up with the Architectural Studies program at the University of Missouri.
Advanced Aero Vehicle Group
The team constructs a remote controlled
airplane for the annual Society of Automotive Engineers' Aero Design competition. This year's plane, which had an 8-foot wingspan
and weighed only 9.4 pounds, competed in the Aero Design's open class designation at the east competition. The project is of interest mainly to aerospace engineering students, but students from other disciplines are also on the team. In 2005, the group placed third at the east competition and fifth at the west competition.
Missouri S&T's solar car
team has met with much success. Every two years, the team constructs a single-passenger car, its top covered with solar cells
, that runs exclusively on solar power. The car's aluminum frame houses lithium ion batteries
, which are much lighter than conventional lead-acid batteries
. The driver lies on his back to make the car's design more aerodynamic
. The car has a joystick
instead of a steering wheel
to allow the driver to exit the car more quickly and reduce the amount of space necessary for the driver. Every time the car is rebuilt, changes make it lighter and more efficient. The team regularly enters solar car races
in the United States and occasionally enters international races. The car claimed first place in Sunrayce '99, first place in the 2000 Formula Sun Grand Prix, fourth place in the Australian World Solar Challenge in 2001, second place in the 2001 American Solar Challenge
, and first place in the 2003 American Solar Challenge. The next car will be Solar Miner VI for the 2008 North American Solar Challenge.
Formula SAE Car
Missouri S&T's Formula SAE
team constructs a small formula-style
race car every year, suitable for mass production
and sale to weekend autocrossers
. The team competes in Pontiac, Michigan
against more than 100 other teams from universities around the world. The vehicle's cost, sales presentation, engineering design, acceleration, braking, and racing performance all factor in to its final score. The team has placed in the top 20 in eleven of the past fourteen competitions, including second-, third-, fourth-, eighth-, and ninth-place finishes.
Missouri S&T's Concrete Canoe Team designs and constructs a concrete canoe
and races it on a lake in regional and national competitions. The team has participated in concrete canoe competitions since the 1970s. The entire project, including fundraising and construction, is completed by the students. The team took third place in 2004. In 2008 their canoe sank twice.
Missouri S&T Satellite Project
The Missouri S&T Sat team started as an Aerospace enigineering course (AE301 Spacecraft Design) when NASA put out a contest for a 2 year development and build project, that must accomplish its goals in the harsh environment of space. After taking third place, the Team is still perfecting this project and fixing minor errors in the first model. Although there is no real contest any more, the team is still working hard to perfect their twin satellites for their flight in space. Missouri S&T Satellite Team website
Human Powered Vehicle
The Missouri S&T Human Powered Vehicle Team
constructs a man-powered land vehicle every year to compete in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers
' Human Powered Vehicle Challenge. The vehicle, which looks something like a bobsled
wheels, must be light, highly efficient and powered only by its single occupant.
Robotics Competition Team
The Robotics Team participates annually in the Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition (IGVC
). The team builds autonomous vehicles that traverse obstacle courses
consisting of lane markers and obstacles. The current vehicles are designed to be omnidirectional so that they can easily drive around obstacles. Typically there are 30-50 students on the team and two faculty advisors. The students handle all design and management aspects of the team but occasionally receive help from technicians to fabricate parts. For more information visit the Robotics Team website
Mine Rescue Team
Missouri S&T is home to the only Mine Rescue Team made up entirely of college students. The team competes regularly against professionals in simulated mine disasters
. The team placed 12th and 14th in the competition among industry teams at the South Regional Mine Rescue Competition, sponsored by the U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration. The Missouri S&T team also had the highest scores on two written exams that were part of the competition.
For on campus events, please see the Missouri S&T event calendar
The student government is designed to enhance the collegiate experience of every student at Missouri S&T. Visit the website to find out more information
The student-run newspaper at Missouri S&T is The Missouri Miner
, published every Thursday during the school year, and can be read online
In February 2007, the paper threatened to sue the school because the university cut funding.
There are two broadcast
radio stations associated with Missouri S&T:
- KMNR is a student-run, freeform radio station whose music playlist varies with the mood and inclination of the DJ, with some playing caller requests. Every year KMNR hosts two concerts – Freakers Ball in the fall and Glitter Ball in the spring.
- KMST , previously known as KUMR, is a member-supported public radio station, typically playing classical, bluegrass and jazz, as well as National Public Radio programs. On July 16, 2007, KUMR officially changed its call letters to KMST, in advance of the change of name from "University of Missouri-Rolla" to the "Missouri University of Science and Technology".
There is also an amateur radio station, WØEEE.
St. Patrick's Day
St. Patrick's Day
is the largest annual celebration and predominant cultural event at Missouri S&T, with each year's observance boasted as the "Best Ever!". During St. Pat's, students wear green sweatshirts (which are sold as fund-raisers throughout the season), carry shillelaghs
, and party
. One tradition, observed primarily among fraternities, is the "killing" of rubber snakes in commemoration of St. Patrick
's mythical banishing of snakes from Ireland
. Along with snake invasion comes the tradition of Follies. Students meet daily at "the Hockey Puck" (a short cylindrical stage bearing a large shamrock) to hear jokes and participate in short competitions. On the third day of Follies, students move to the town's band-shell to participate in the ceremonial arrival of St. Pat's Court. The day after Follies, students participate in Gonzo and Games. Gonzo and Games are two days of elaborate games in which different organizations compete. Friday of St. Pat's week is concluded with Coronation
, a ceremony where the Queen of Love and Beauty is announced. The final event of St. Pat's week is a Saturday morning parade on Pine Street, which is painted green by St. Pat's Board Alumni. This parade is known throughout the United States and boasts well over one hundred floats and participating groups.
Campus organizations name one member to be a Student Knight of St. Patrick. In past years, Student Knights were dunked into a green-colored pool of goo, rumored to consist of various vile substances and affectionately known as Alice. In its heyday, a "date" with Alice was considered to be quite an honor. Alice was discontinued by the school administration in the mid-1990s due to health and safety concerns.
The rationale for the celebration is the notion that St. Patrick is the patron saint of engineers.
Among Missouri S&T students, St. Patrick is recognized more commonly as an emblem for the university than the official mascot, Joe Miner.
The recognition of St. Patrick as the "Patron Saint of Engineers" began in 1903 when the Engineering students of the University of Missouri – Columbia claimed St. Patrick's Day to be a holiday for engineers. The tradition has remained to this day and has been adopted by many other schools across the nation.
St. Patrick's Day 2008 marked the 100th continuous year of St. Patrick's Day celebrations at Missouri S&T.
have a very large following at the Missouri S&T. With over 60 men's teams and over 10 women's teams, sports are arranged into divisions. Nineteen different sports are contested each year: Golf, Softball, Swimming, Ultimate
, Cross Country, Football, Billiards, Badminton, Volleyball, Darts, Racquetball, Bowling, Basketball, Table Tennis, Tennis, Track, Washers (similar to Horseshoes), Weightlifting, and Soccer. Additional information can be found at the Intramural Managers Association page
The Miners compete in the NCAA Division II Great Lakes Valley Conference.
Club sports associated with Missouri S&T include Ultimate frisbee
, Rugby Union
and Indoor Hockey
There are over 200 student organizations at Missouri S&T ranging from professional societies to community service organizations and beyond. A full list can be found on the Student Life homepage
Missouri S&T has many organizations independent of university funding with which students are very active. Independent houses include:
Swimmer House, Rock House, The Annex, The Buffalo Barn, and The Swamp.
Fraternities and sororities
Approximately 25% of the undergraduate student body belongs to a social Greek organization. There are four sororities and twenty three fraternities. The various social, service and honorary Greek chapters perform substantial amounts of community service each year and raise thousands of dollars for local and national charities. They also promote scholarship and leadership amongst their members.
Fraternities (arranged by Greek alphabet)
Sororities (arranged by Greek alphabet)
- Gary Havener of Fort Worth, Texas, graduated in 1962, donated $5 million for construction of the Havener Center, at the time the largest single donation from a private source that the university had ever received.
- John Toomey, graduated in 1949, donated $5 million for the construction of the new mechanical and aerospace engineering complex, Toomey Hall. The largest donation for the construction of an academic building in Missouri S&T’s history.
- Greg "Fossilman" Raymer, 2004 World Series of Poker champion, won $5 million.
- Aaron Buerge, who received his Bachelor of Science from UMR in 1997, was the second bachelor to appear on the TV show The Bachelor.
- Bruce L. Edwards, served as general editor for the recently published four volume reference set, C. S. Lewis: Life, Works, and Legacy (Praeger Perspectives, 2007).
- Thomas Akers, retired Air Force Col., a veteran of four space flights, holds bachelor's and master's degrees in mathematics from UMR ('73 and '75), and is currently a professor at Missouri S&T.
- Janet Kavandi, whose debut space shuttle flight in June 1999 was the final Mir-shuttle docking, holds a master's degree in chemistry from Missouri S&T ('82).
- Sandra Magnus, who became a NASA astronaut in 1996, holds a bachelor's degree in physics ('86) and a master's degree in electrical engineering ('90) from Missouri S&T.
- Gary D. Forsee - former CEO of Sprint; became the 22nd president of the University of Missouri System on February 18, 2008.
- Ted Weise, former president of FedEx, one of the first employees of FedEx (formerly Federal Express) when the company started in the early 1970s, and worked his way up to the position of president. He holds a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from Missouri S&T ('67).