[min-ee-uh-chuh-rahyz, min-uh-]

Miniaturization is the creation of ever-smaller scales for mechanical, optical, and electronic products and devices. Miniaturization is a continuing trend in the production of technology.

The human race has the tendency towards building and manufacturing smaller-scale products due to the desire for size efficiency. Items which take up less space are more desired than items which are bigger and bulkier because they are easier to carry, easier to store, and much more convenient to use.


Early development

The trend can be traced back to ancient times both as an abstract science and as a physical practice, beginning with the atomic theories of the nature of matter and the use of early microscopes. These first instances of miniaturization eventually led to the creation of current sciences such as nanotechnology and molecular nanotechnology.

Modern development

Some projects in the 1950s that seemed to have no economic significance were actually borrowed, and justified, from the ideas of the space research program. Conventional industries made useful these commercially beneficial ideas and put them to good use. Products used in the construction of rockets, satellites, guidance and telemetrical systems, space stations must be light, yet rugged. With the ability to withstand wide variation in temperature, pressure, and stress. Technological research in this subject led to the development of new types of rubber resistant to extremes of hot and cold, new alloys notable for their lightness and toughness, ceramics that are unbreakable, and plastics, which neither melt nor decompose with the application of extreme heat. One of the most important ideas derived from space technology is miniaturization which led to microminiaturization and subminiaturization.

In electronics, miniaturization was witnessed by an empirical observation called Moore's Law that predicted that the number of transistors on an integrated circuit for minimum component cost doubles every 24 months.


Mobile phone

The mobile phone, from the first to the third generation, there is a general decrease in its size and weight.


Nanotechnology is one category of the miniaturization process. Some scientists are actually searching for a way to create a car with the use of this technology.

In science fiction

Miniaturization is also a theme of science fiction. Besides referring to redesigning products to make smaller ones, miniaturization in science fiction also refers to shrinking objects and people.


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