Miles Davis

Miles Davis

[dey-vis]
Davis, Miles, 1926-91, American jazz musician, b. Alton, Ill. Rising to prominence with the birth of modern jazz in the mid-1940s, when he was a sideman in Charlie Parker's bop quintet, Davis became a dominant force in jazz trumpet. He was influential in the development of "cool" jazz in 1949-50, led numerous outstanding small groups through the 1950s and 60s, and produced a successful blend of jazz and rock music in the 1970s and 80s. Davis's trumpet and flügelhorn styles were warmly lyrical and were marked by a brilliant use of mutes. He made many recordings, which reflect his stylistic changes; Kind of Blue (1959), a landmark of modal jazz, has been a best-seller since it was issued.

See Miles: The Autobiography (1989, with Q. Troupe); biographies by I. Carr (1982), J. Chambers (2 vol., 1983-85), B. McRae (1988), and J. Szwed (2002); Q. Troupe, Miles and Me (2000).

Miles Davis, 1969.

(born May 26, 1926, Alton, Ill., U.S.—died Sept. 28, 1991, Santa Monica, Calif.) U.S. trumpeter and bandleader. Davis grew up in East St. Louis, Mo., and began study at the Juilliard School in New York City in 1944. He worked with Charlie Parker (1946–48). His early efforts as a bandleader resulted in a series of recordings (1949–50) later released as the album Birth of the Cool (1957), in which a relaxed aesthetic replaced the more frenetic bebop with the “cool jazz” of the 1950s. From 1955 Davis's groups framed his spare, lyrical approach in contrast to the dense complexity of saxophonists such as John Coltrane and Wayne Shorter. His dark, brooding tone, logically paced improvisations, and frequent use of the metal mute were major influences on jazz trumpet soloists. The 1959 album Kind of Blue was a pioneering example of modal harmonic jazz. His music became more aggressive during the 1960s, and his use of electronic instruments by the end of the decade (Bitches Brew, 1969) gave rise to the jazz-rock fusion of the 1970s. Davis was one of the most original and influential jazz musicians. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2006.

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Miles: The New Miles Davis Quintet is an album recorded on 15 November 1955 by Miles Davis, for Prestige Records. As the name suggests, it was the first to feature his now-famous "first great quintet" (though in fact they had recorded a session for Columbia Records three weeks earlier, eventually released on the album 'Round About Midnight). The album is often known as Miles, since that is the only word on the cover. As with the other albums recorded for Prestige the following year, the quintet was playing familiar material in a fairly straightforward manner. Coltrane does not play on "There is No Greater Love".

Track listing

Track Song Title Originally By Time
1. "Just Squeeze Me" Duke Ellington and Lee Gaines 7:25
2. "There is No Greater Love" Marty Symes and Isham Jones 5:16
3. "How Am I to Know?" Dorothy Parker and Jack King 4:37
4. "S'posin'" Paul Denniker and Andy Razaf 5:12
5. "Miles' Theme" Miles Davis 5:47
6. "Stablemates" Benny Golson 5:19

Performers

See also

Albums recorded by the same personnel for Prestige in 1956:

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