Rogers was born in Livingston County, Michigan. He graduated from Adrian College, Adrian, Michigan in 1985, from which he earned a bachelor's degree in Criminal Justice and Sociology, and served in the United States Army from 1985 to 1989. He worked as a Special Agent with the Federal Bureau of Investigation in its Chicago office, specializing in organized crime and public corruption cases, 1989–1994. He was a member of the Michigan State Senate, 1995–2000, serving as majority floor leader, 1999–2000. He is also a former small business owner.
He was elected as a Republican from the 8th District of Michigan to the United States House of Representatives in one of the nation's closest congressional races of 2000. He narrowly defeated Democratic State Senator Dianne Byrum by 111 votes to win the District 8 seat left open by Debbie Stabenow. Stabenow was elected to the United States Senate. He defeated Frank McAlpine in 2002, Robert Alexander in 2004, and Jim Marcinkowski in 2006. His Democrat opponent in 2008 is Alexander again.
Rogers was the primary sponsor of the Respect for America's Fallen Heroes Act, H.R. bill 5037, which was signed into law by President George W. Bush on May 29, 2006. This bill is designed to ban protests from occurring near the funerals of soldiers that were killed in action. While in the Michigan Senate, he wrote legislation creating the Michigan Education Savings Plan, which allows Michigan families to set aside tax-free funds for educating their children when they are ready for college or vocational training. In Congress, Rogers’ measure to make education savings plans free of federal taxes was adopted in 2003.
Rogers recently introduced legislation to make the United States energy independent by July 4, 2015. Rogers’ plan focuses on increased use of nuclear energy, greater funding for research and development of alternative fuels, and the opening up of more domestic sources of oil.
Rogers has also introduced pain care management legislation pertaining to Americans who are restricted by severe, chronic pain. He has also worked to prevent counterfeit drugs from entering the United States. Rogers' proposed Health Savings Account program for low-income families who are covered by Medicaid was signed into law on February 8, 2008.
In 2006, he cosponsored H.R. 4411, the Goodlatte-Leach Internet Gambling Prohibition Act and H.R. 4777, the Internet Gambling Prohibition Act.
On the night of March 19, 2007, his Lansing, Michigan office was defaced. The unknown individuals splattered red paint on the building and put up a sign saying that Rogers had "blood" on his hands. They also spray painted the sidewalk with the words "no more deaths," glued shut the front door of the building and destroyed security cameras.
On September 29th, 2008, Rogers voted against the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008. Explaining his vote, Rogers said that he disagreed with the way Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson had framed the debate in Washington, and that other bi-partisan solutions should be considered to address the underlying economic problems.
Rogers is the youngest of five sons. His father was a public school teacher-administrator-football coach and his mother was the director of a local Chamber of Commerce. He has two children and resides in Howell, Michigan.