Dömös is a village in Komárom-Esztergom County in Hungary.
Dömös is located on the right side of the Danube
, 16 kilometers from Esztergom
and 45 km from Budapest
. The also beautiful town, Visegrád
is located 5 km east from Dömös. The highway No. 11 cross the village. It has a railway station on the other side of the Danube, on the Budapest
railway line. A shuttle transport ont he river.
The site has been populated even in ancient times. Archaeology revealed men and settlements, instruments and animal bones from hunting and fireplaces (neolithic age). Tomb of the copper age man was also found (2500-1900 B. C.). In the late bronze age a 500×500 méter fortress from gounddams (1000 B. C.) There are guarding towers from the Roman age. They were built along the Danube line in the Pannonia
region border of the Roman Empire
. (Tófenék). After the Huns the Avars came here in 568
and ruled till the 9th century. Bronze belt buckles, horse and warrior mounts, ceramics of the Avarian age were excavated from warrior’s tombs. (Malom-creek valley).
Árpád dynasty age
There is a groundwork fortress on the top of the Árpád hill from the Hungarian conquest time. The Danube
turn gives a good fortification lovality and the region was royal center during the Árpád house kings of Hungary. The region was named Pilis forest. The royal palace and the neighbour monastery at Dömös played and important role in the life in the 11th century. Especially, the life of Béla I of Hungary
ended here in 1063. The earliest charter was given out by Ladislaus I of Hungary
in 1079. In the 12th century Coloman of Hungary
decided about the contunuation of the throne for Stephen II of Hungary
against the later king Béla II of Hungary
. In the Mongolian invasion (1241) the monastery was destroyed, but rebuilt soon. The provost of the monastery also served the king and the royal family. Provost Fülöp was the chancellor of the queen during the times of Béla II of Hungary
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, who was Zsigmond, king of Hungary, gave the monastery to the dominicant order. (1433-1446). János Hunyadi governor also gave the monastery back to his preferred priest, to Hosszuaszai Bothos István. Pope Alexander VI decided to move the monastery to the diocese of Nyitra. Since that time the Bishop of Nyitra became the provost of Dömös. In 1526 the Turks destroyed the monastery. The ruins stood int he 18th century. The stones of the ruin were used to build the new catholic church of the village.
The ruins of the Dömös monastery, and the subchurch can be visited. Beautiful heads of columns were preserved and the original carvings can be found int he National Museum in Budapest.
- Gerő, L. (1984): Magyar műemléki ABC. (Hungarian Architectural Heritage ABC.) Budapest
- Henszlmann, I. (1876): Magyarország ó-keresztyén, román és átmeneti stylü mű-emlékeinek rövid ismertetése, (Old-Christian, Romanesque and Transitional Style Architecture in Hungary). Királyi Magyar Egyetemi Nyomda, Budapest