While working for The Toledo Blade, he received numerous state and national awards for his investigative stories into organized crime, clerical sexual abuse and white-collar fraud. He was named Best Reporter in Ohio in 2002 by the Society of Professional Journalists.
Two years later, Sallah was awarded the 2004 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting along with Mitch Weiss and Joe Mahr for a series on the atrocites by Tiger Force, a U.S. Army platoon during the Vietnam War. The trio also received The Medal by Investigative Reporters & Editors; a first-place Sigma Delta Chi Award for investigative reporting; a first-place Nieman Award presented by the Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University, and a first-place award for investigative reporting by Associated Press Society of Ohio.
He is currently an investigations editor and reporter at The Miami Herald, where he has overseen numerous long-term projects including a series on public housing corruption that won the 2007 Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting.