The area was originally a mangrove swamp. A wooden bridge was built from the mainland in 1913, but development was slow until the Florida land boom in the 1920s. The glamorous hotel and vacation industry began to decline in the 1970s. In the mid-1980s, large numbers of Cuban refugees from the Mariel boatlift flooded into the area, seeking its cheap accommodations. A spurt in less-expensive development along the ocean road followed and led to the influx of a younger population and to the exodus of many wealthier retirees to other resort cities in Florida. The 1979 designation of an Art Deco section of South Beach as a historic district, however, slowly set in motion an architectural revival of the city. By the 1990s Miami Beach had reemerged as a popular tourist destination. More recently there has been renewed interest in "Miami Modernism," the architectural style that characterizes the city's 1950s hotels.
See H. Mehling, The Most of Everything: The Story of Miami Beach (1960); P. Redford, Billion Dollar Sandbar (1970); B. Blumin, Miami Savvy (1989); G. Monroe and A. Sweet, Miami Beach (1989).
Miami Beach is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. The city was incorporated on 26 March, 1915. Miami Beach has been one of America's pre-eminent beach resorts for almost a century. The city is often referred to under the umbrella term of "Miami," despite being a distinct municipality, making Miami and Miami Beach two separate cities. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 87,933. 55.5% of the population was foreign born. A 2005 population estimate for the city was 87,925.
As of November 2007 the Mayor is Matti Herrera Bower. The Commissioners are: Saul Gross, Jerry Libbin, Richard Steinberg, Ed Tobin, Deede Weithorn and Jonah Wolfson.
Lincoln Road is a nationally known spot for great outdoor dining, bicycling, rollerblading and shopping.
Miami Beach is home to the Holocaust Memorial on Miami Beach.
Each December, The city plays host to the major contemporary art exhibition Art Basel Miami Beach.
Miami Beach is located at (25.813025, -80.134065).
It has a tropical climate.
There were 46,194 households out of which 14.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.4% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 60.3% were non-families. 48.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was sixty-five years of age or older. The average household size was 1.87 and the average family size was 2.76.
In the city the population was spread out with 13.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 38.2% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were sixty-five years of age or older. The median age was thirty-nine years. For every 100 females there were 105.0 males. For every 100 females age eighteen and over, there were 105.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,322, and the median income for a family was $33,440. Males had a median income of $33,964 versus $27,094 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,853. About 17.0% of families and 21.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.2% of those under age 18 and 24.5% of those age sixty-five or over.
As of 2000, speakers of Spanish as a first language accounted for 54.89% of residents, while English made up 32.75%, Portuguese was at 3.38%, French was at 1.66%, German at 1.12%, Italian 0.99%, and Russian was 0.85% of the population. Due to the large Jewish community, Yiddish made up 0.81% of speakers, and Hebrew was the mother tongue of 0.74% of the population.
As of 2000, Miami Beach had the twenty-second highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, with 20.51% of the populace. It had the twenty-eighth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 4.4% of the city's population, and the fourteenth highest percentage of Brazilian residents in the US, at 2.2% of the it's population (tied with Hillside, New Jersey and Hudson, Massachusetts.) It also had the twenty-seventh most Peruvians in the US, at 1.85%, while it had the twenty-seventh highest percentage of Venezuelans, at 1.79% of all residents. Miami Beach's Honduran community had the thirty-third highest percentage of residents, which comprised 1.03% of the population. It's also home to the forty-first highest percentage of Nicaraguan residents, which made up 1.03% of the population.
Tertiary education in Miami Beach includes a branch of the National School of Technology