Pop is a music genre particularly intended for teenagers and young adults. This type of music produced in Mexico is called Mexican pop.
Mexico is the country that exports the most entertainment in Spanish language. Mexican pop was limited to Latin America until the mid-1990s, when an interest towards this type of music increased after Ricky Martin's, Shakira's, Thalía's, Enrique Iglesias' and Jennifer Lopez' debuts before the mainstream US audience.
During the 1960s and 70s most of the pop music produced in Mexico consisted on Spanish-language versions of English-language rock-and-roll hits. Singers and musical groups like Angélica María, Johnny Laboriel, Alberto Vázquez, Mayté Gaos, Enrique Guzmán, Julissa, Los Teen Tops, Los Rebeldes del Rock and Los Locos del Ritmo performed cover versions of songs by Elvis Presley, Paul Anka, Nancy Sinatra and others.
During the 1970s Angélica María was one of the pioneers of pop music in Mexico. During the 1980s songwriters like Guillermo Méndez Guiú, Rafael Pérez Botija or Aureo Baqueiro wrote songs for singers like Yuri, Lucía Méndez and musical groups like Timbiriche, Flans and Fandango. This groups headed the radio charts in Mexico and launched international career by promoting their music in Latin America. Other huge pop music icons in Mexico during the 1980s include Ana Gabriel, Chayanne, Luis Miguel, Roberto Carlos, Franco de Vita, Magneto, Juan Luis Guerra, Emanuel, and Ricardo Montaner. Although not all of these singers hail from Mexico.
Televisa, a Mexican company and the world's largest Spanish-language television network had exported media to many countries. This allowed Mexican actors to take advantage of their popularity to launch music careers in countries where Televisa telenovelas were popular. Some examples of these actors are Thalía, Lucía Méndez, Guillermo Capetillo and Verónica Castro. Verónica's son, Cristian Castro, started his career and became popular throughout Latin America. Thalía toured Asia and recorded songs in Tagalog for her fans in the Philippines. Thalía also recorded an album produced by Emilio Estefan titled En Éxtasis in 1995. This album contained songs that were mixed with Latin American traditional music and was the one which renewed the success that Gloria Estefan had begun a decade before. This was the first record in the 1990s which mixed Latin rhythms with pop and would reopened the market in Latin America, as well as the idea that this kind of music was indeed profitable. On the albums released later by Thalía, she mixed pop music with ranchera, banda and norteña music. Other singers such as Paulina Rubio and Aracely Arámbula have also produced songs that combine traditional Mexican music with popular music.
TV Azteca, Mexico's second-largest television network, with her company Azteca Music has also been successful in launching singers. To help with this cause TV Azteca developed a reality show called La Academia which has produced singers such as Yahir and Víctor García. Televisa attempted to compete with TV Azteca with its own reality show called Operación Triunfo which has produced sigers such as Darina. But, the ratings of TV Azteca were always higher and Televisa did not produced another season of the show. However, Televisa has produced for years telenovelas that are targeted to teenagers, some of them have intended to launch the music careers of their actors (who are not singers). Among these are Muchachitas, Mágica Juventud, Alcanzar una Estrella, Clase 406, Rebelde and Alegrijes y Rebujos.