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Mexican

Mexican War

or Mexican-American War

(1846–48) War between the U.S. and Mexico. It grew from a border dispute after the U.S. annexed Texas in 1845; Mexico claimed that the southern border of Texas was the Nueces River, while the U.S. claimed it was the Rio Grande. A secret mission by John Slidell to negotiate the dispute and purchase New Mexico and California for up to $30 million was aborted when Mexico refused to receive him. In response to the snub, Pres. James Polk sent troops under Zachary Taylor to occupy the disputed land between the two rivers. In April 1846 Mexican troops crossed the Rio Grande and attacked Taylor's troops; Congress approved a declaration of war in May. Ordered to invade Mexico, Taylor captured Monterrey and defeated a large Mexican force under Antonio Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista in February 1847. Polk then ordered Gen. Winfield Scott to move his army by sea to Veracruz, capture the city, and march inland to Mexico City. Scott followed the plan, meeting resistance at Cerro Gordo and Contreras, and entered Mexico City in September. Under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico ceded to the U.S. nearly all of present New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, California, Texas, and Colorado for $15,000,000 and U.S. assumption of its citizens' claims against Mexico. Casualties included about 13,000 American deaths, all but 1,700 of which were caused by disease. The war, which made a national hero of Taylor, reopened the slavery-extension issue supposedly settled by the Missouri Compromise.

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The Grammy Award for Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album has been awarded since 1984. The award has had several minor name changes:

  • From 1984 to 1991 the award was known as Best Mexican-American Performance
  • From 1992 to 1994 it was awarded as Best Mexican-American Album
  • In 1995 it returned to the title Best Mexican-American Performance
  • From 1996 to 1998 it was awarded as Best Mexican-American/Tejano Music Performance
  • In 1999 it was awarded as Best Mexican-American Music Performance
  • In 2000 it was once again awarded as Best Mexican-American Performance
  • Since 2001 it has been awarded as Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album

Years reflect the year in which the Grammy Awards were presented, for works released in the previous year.

2000s

1990s

1980s

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