National park, southwestern Colorado, U.S. It was established in 1906 to preserve prehistoric Indian cliff dwellings. Occupying a high tableland area of 52,085 acres (21,078 hectares), it contains hundreds of pueblo ruins up to 13 centuries old. The most striking are multistoried apartments built under overhanging cliffs. Cliff Palace, the largest, was excavated in 1909 and contains hundreds of rooms, including kivas, the circular ceremonial chambers of the Pueblo Indians.
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USS Mesa Verde (LPD-19) is the third San Antonio-class amphibious transport dock and the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for Mesa Verde National Park in Colorado. The ship is designed to deliver a fully equipped battalion of up to 800 Marines.
The contract to build her was awarded on February 29, 2000 to Northrop Grumman Ship Systems of Pascagoula, Mississippi, and her keel was laid down on February 25, 2003. She was launched on 19 November 2004, and christened on January 15, 2005 with Linda Price Campbell, wife of former Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell of Colorado, serving as the ship’s sponsor. The ship was commissioned on December 15, 2007 in Panama City, Florida with its first commanding officer being Commander Shawn W. Lobree of Miami, Florida.