Definitions

Merkel

Merkel

Merkel, Angela, 1954-, German politician, b. Hamburg as Angela Dorothea Kasner. The daughter of a Lutheran pastor, she grew up in what was then East Germany. She trained as a physicist (Ph.D., Univ. of Leipzig, 1978) and worked (1978-90) as a quantum chemistry researcher at East Berlin's Academy of Sciences. Involved in the 1989 democracy movement, she joined the conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and was elected to parliament in 1990. A protégé of Chancellor Helmut Kohl, she served under him as minister for youth and women (1991-94) and the environment (1994-98). After Kohl's defeat in 1998, Merkel became CDU secretary-general and, having distanced herself from her former mentor, she was named party leader in 2000. In the 2005 elections she led the CDU-CSU coalition to a narrow victory over the Social Democrats. No party, however, secured a workable plurality of seats, forcing the CDU-CSU into coalition with the Social Democrats. Merkel became chancellor, the first woman and the first E German after unification to do so. She remained chancellor after the 2009 elections when the CDU-CSU formed a center-right coalition with the Free Democrats.
orig. Angela Dorothea Kasner

(born July 17, 1954, Hamburg, W.Ger.) Chancellor of Germany (2005– ). Merkel, who grew up in East Germany, earned a doctorate in physics at the University of Leipzig (1978) and later settled in East Berlin, where she worked as a quantum chemist. In 1990, shortly before Germany's reunification, she joined the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). Elected as a Bundestag deputy later that year, she became the protégé of German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, who appointed her to several ministerial positions. In 1999 a finance scandal hit the CDU, and Merkel drew attention for her criticism of Kohl. The following year she was elected CDU leader. In 2005 the CDU and its sister party, the Christian Social Union, won the general election but failed to capture a majority. A deal was reached that gave Merkel the chancellorship in a coalition government. She was sworn in on Nov. 22, 2005, becoming the first woman to hold the office.

Learn more about Merkel, Angela with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Angela Dorothea Kasner

(born July 17, 1954, Hamburg, W.Ger.) Chancellor of Germany (2005– ). Merkel, who grew up in East Germany, earned a doctorate in physics at the University of Leipzig (1978) and later settled in East Berlin, where she worked as a quantum chemist. In 1990, shortly before Germany's reunification, she joined the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). Elected as a Bundestag deputy later that year, she became the protégé of German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, who appointed her to several ministerial positions. In 1999 a finance scandal hit the CDU, and Merkel drew attention for her criticism of Kohl. The following year she was elected CDU leader. In 2005 the CDU and its sister party, the Christian Social Union, won the general election but failed to capture a majority. A deal was reached that gave Merkel the chancellorship in a coalition government. She was sworn in on Nov. 22, 2005, becoming the first woman to hold the office.

Learn more about Merkel, Angela with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Merkel is a town in Taylor County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,637 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Merkel is located at (32.468457, -100.013204).

The town has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.1 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,637 people 1,012 households, and 719 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,342.0 people per square mile (519.5/km²). There were 1,202 housing units at an average density of 611.7/sq mi (236.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 89.42% White, 1.14% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 6.33% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.22% of the population.

There were 1,012 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 still living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,083, and the median income for a family was $34,250. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $16,620 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,292. About 9.9% of families and 13.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The Town of Merkel is served by the Merkel Independent School District.

References

External links

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