is a county
in the U.S. state
. The 2000 census
recorded its population at 279,320; with the 2007 Census Bureau estimate placing the population at 279,295. The county seat
, the state capital of Michigan, is also within the county. Lansing is the only state capital in the nation that is not also a county seat. About 79% of the couty's population is in Lansing and East Lansing.
Ingham County was established by an act of the Michigan Territorial Legislature on October 29, 1829, from portions of Shiawassee County, Washtenaw County and unorganized territory. It was attached for administrative purposes to Washtenaw County until 1838 when county government was established for Ingham.
The county is named for Samuel D. Ingham, the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury under President Andrew Jackson, making Ingham one of the so-called Cabinet counties.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of 561 square miles
), of which, 559 square miles (1,448 km²) of it is land and 2 square miles (5 km²) of it (0.31%) is water.
The county consists of gently rolling hills with an elevation ranging between 800 to 1000 feet above sea level. The Grand River winds northward along the western boundary of the county and the Red Cedar River flows west across the northern section into the Grand River in Lansing. Most of the midsection of the county drains to the north into the Red Cedar River and the northern tier of townships drain to the south into the Cedar. The Sycamore Creek, flowing northwest into the Red Cedar in Lansing, drains much of the midsection of the county. Most of the southern portion of the county drains south or west into the Grand River. The southeastern corner drains to the southeast into the Huron River via the Portage Creek and Portage River and a series of small lakes.
Michigan State Trunklines
As of the census
of 2000, there were 279,320 people, 108,593 households, and 63,744 families residing in the county. The population density
was 500 people per square mile (193/km²). There were 115,056 housing units at an average density of 206 per square mile (79/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.46% White
, 10.86% Black
or African American
, 0.55% Native American
, 3.68% Asian
, 0.05% Pacific Islander
, 2.42% from other races
, and 2.99% from two or more races. 5.80% of the population were Hispanic
of any race. 18.7% were of German
, 10.1% English
, 8.4% Irish
and 6.4% American
ancestry according to Census 2000
. 90.0% spoke English
and 3.8% Spanish
as their first language.
There were 108,593 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.00% were married couples living together, 12.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.30% were non-families. 30.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 18.50% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $40,774, and the median income for a family was $53,063. Males had a median income of $40,335 versus $30,178 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,079. About 8.30% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.60% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The 16-member county board of commissioners controls the budget, but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances due to Michigan's large devolution of local power to cities, villages, and townships. The county board of commissioners also hires a county administrator/controller who serves as the chief fiscal and administrative officer of the county.
Ingham County Elected Officials
- Prosecuting Attorney: Stuart Dunnings III (Democrat)
- Sheriff: Gene Wrigglesworth (Democrat)
- County Clerk: Mike Bryanton (Democrat)
- Register of Deeds: Paula Johnson (Democrat)
- County Treasurer: Eric Schertzing (Democrat)
- Drain Commissioner: Patrick Lindemann (Democrat)
- County Commission or Board of Commissioners: 16 members, elected from districts (13 Democrats, 3 Republicans)
- District 1: Victor Celentino (D) Chair Finance Committee
- District 2: Debbie De Leon (D) Chair County Services Committee
- District 3: Tina Weatherwax-Grant (D)
- District 4: Rebecca Bahar-Cook (D) Chair Judiciary Committee
- District 5: Andy Schor (D)
- District 6: Dale Copedge (D) Chair Law Enforcement Committee
- District 7: Todd Tennis (D)
- District 8: Marc Thomas (D) Chair of the Board
- District 9: Curtis Hertel Jr. (D) Chair Human Services Committee
- District 10: Mark Grebner (D)
- District 11: Dianne Holman (D)
- District 12: Deb Nolan (D)
- District 13: Randy Schafer (R)
- District 14: Steve Dougan (R)
- District 15: Mike Severino (R)
- District 16: Tim Soule (D)
- 30th Judicial Circuit Court: 9 judges (non-partisan)
- Judge William E. Collette, Chief Judge
- Judge Joyce Draganchuk
- Judge James Giddings
- Judge Paula J.M. Manderfield
- Judge Beverley Nettles-Nickerson
- Judge Richard J. Garcia
- Judge R. George Economy
- Judge Laura Baird
- Judge Janelle A. Lawless
(information as of October 2006)
Cities, villages, and townships