Memel Territory

Memel Territory

Memel Territory, Ger. Memelland, name applied to the district (1,092 sq mi/2,828 sq km) of former East Prussia situated on the east coast of the Baltic Sea and the right (northern) bank of the Neman River. In 1919 the Treaty of Versailles placed the district, containing the city and port of Memel (see Klaipeda), under League of Nations-sponsored French administration. Lithuanian troops occupied the area in 1923, forcing the French garrison to withdraw. The Allied council of ambassadors then drew up a new status for the territory, which in 1924 became an autonomous region within Lithuania with its own legislature. The 1938 electoral victory of the National Socialists in the Memel Territory was followed in Mar., 1939, by a German ultimatum demanding the district's return. Lithuania complied. In 1945 the area was taken by Soviet forces and was restored to Lithuania, by then a part of the USSR.
Communist Party of the Memel Territory (Kommunistische Partei des Memelgebietes) was a communist organisation in the Memel Territory in the 1920s. In the 1927 election, the party got 3900 votes (7.2%) and won two seats in the parliament of the territory. Little is known about the group, and its relations with the German and Lithuanian communist parties. Soviet historical research says very little about the group, and on the rare occasions that communist activities in the Memel Territories were mention it claimed that the activities had been under influence of the Communist Party of Lithuania.

References

Search another word or see Memel Territoryon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;